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Measuring and Information Complex for Atmospheric Pollutions

#1497


Manufacturing and Field Tests of Data-Measuring Complex for Monitoring Mesoscale Dispersion of Pollutants as a Base for Conducting East-West European Tracer Experiment (EW-ETEX) to Verify Prognostic Models of Long-Range Transport of Hazardous Atmospheric

Tech Area / Field

  • ENV-APC/Air Pollution and Control/Environment
  • INF-SOF/Software/Information and Communications

Status
8 Project completed

Registration date
13.04.1999

Completion date
21.10.2003

Senior Project Manager
Komarkov D A

Leading Institute
Scientific & Production Association “Typhoon”, Russia, Kaluga reg., Obninsk

Supporting institutes

  • Karpov Institute of Physical Chemistry (2), Russia, Kaluga reg., Obninsk

Collaborators

  • JAERI, Japan, Tokyo\nEuropean Commission / Joint Research Center / Environmental Institute, Italy, Ispra\nLawrence Livermore National Laboratory, USA, CA, Livermore\nRiso National Laboratory, Denmark, Roskilde

Project summary

One of the worst after-effects of a technological incident is atmospheric dispersion of gas-aerosol releases over a long range.

The purpose of the given project - preparation of a complex of means and methodical maintenance for the universal control by modern contact and remote methods of material distribution in a near-range zone of a source and condition of a boundary layer of the atmosphere, which would become a base part of hardware - methodical maintenance of the second stage AOAO, and testing of these means by of execution of the field multisensor trace experiment in regional scale.

Besides, carried out in 1994 under aegis of a Commission of European community first large-scale tracer experiment (AOAO) has revealed necessity of the more careful control on distribution of a material in near-range (meso-scale) zone of a source that renders essential influence on its further distribution parameters (Graziani G., Klug W., Galmarini S., Grippa G. Real Time Long Range Transport Model Evaluation. ETEX second release. Draft Report for Modellers meeting Vienna, May 1997. J.R.C. Ispra, Commission of the European Communities).

The main distinction and important addition of the new experiment will consist in using the highest in Europe meteorological tower of Science-Production Association “Typhoon”as a simulator of an elevated source and a means of profiling mean pulsation parameters of the lower atmospheric boundary layer and widespread application of remote sensing methods.

Project implementation will allow testing in field the method for obtaining information on the first stage of evolution of a cloud (plume) of gas-aerosol material by using a new technology of radar tracking of artificial clouds of super-light radar tracers (SLRT) and modern lidar remote sensing technology of aerosol tracer. New methodological approaches to management of remote sensing information will be developed and new data on meso-scale characteristics of wind field and turbulence required for model improvement will be obtained. It will help of improvement of prognostic models.

Implementation of the project is expected to play an important economic and social role during organisation and conducting protective measures in case of a radiation-related accident at Russian NPPs with different reactor types.

The results to be obtained will be used for organizing and conducting of main stage of East-West European Trace Experiment (E-W ETEX) on verification of physics-mathematic models of a long-range material transport and other similar experiments as well and for assembly of monitoring systems in the vicinity of nuclear facilities.

There will be carried out several local experiments in the frames of the assembly and field testing of the data-measuring set. On its results the possibility to use synchronous data about physical conditions of the atmospheric boundary layer and the features of air-ground material trace in mesoscale area of a source will be put at expert community disposal to verificate and improve the prognostic models.

The project development would provide employment and economic support to many specialists working in the field of environmental protection earlier involved in radiation protection during nuclear testing and planning actions in case of nuclear conflicts as well as remote sensing in defence.

The project will be implemented with collaboration of Joint Research Centre (Ispra, Italy) of Commission of European Communities, RISOE National Laboratory (Roskilde, Denmark), Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (Livermore, USA) and Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute (Tokai, Japan).

The potential role of foreign collaborators will consist in hand over of their experience aquired at the previous ЕТЕХ stages for statement, realization and analysis of results of large-scale tracer experiments with the usage of aerosol and gas tracer materials.


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