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Telecommunications Approaches to NPP Emergency Control

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Applied Research in Telecommunications and Multimedia Hardware and Software for Online Emergency Control at NPPs

Tech Area / Field

  • FIR-NSS/Nuclear Safety and Safeguarding/Fission Reactors
  • FUS-OTH/Other/Fusion
  • INF-COM/High Performance Computing and Networking/Information and Communications
  • INF-SOF/Software/Information and Communications
  • MAN-MPS/Manufacturing, Planning, Processing and Control/Manufacturing Technology

Status
3 Approved without Funding

Registration date
25.07.2001

Leading Institute
VNIIEF, Russia, N. Novgorod reg., Sarov

Supporting institutes

  • ROSENERGOATOM, Russia, Moscow

Collaborators

  • EDF / Industry Branch, France, Paris

Project summary

The purpose of this Project is to conduct an applied research effort concerned with the problem of telecommunications, information and multimedia hardware and software uses for decision-transfer, -processing, -analysis, -development and -making to control emergencies arising at Russia’s NPPs.

Major objectives of the Project are:

1. Draft requirements to the hardware-and-software environment operating under emergency conditions at Russia’s NPPs using RBMK, VVER and BN-600 reactors in terms of decision-transfer, -processing, -analysis, and -development.

2. Study the market of up-to-date telecommunications and multimedia systems, choose the best suitable system and components’ configurations for the REA’s CC NPPs’ LCCs hardware-and-software environment.

3. Make mock-ups of the REA’s CC NPPs’ LCCs hardware-and-software environment to research how hardware-and-software tools for online decision-transfer, -processing, -analysis, -development and -making can be used at NPPs under emergency conditions.

4. Research capabilities of the REA’s CC NPPs’ LCCs hardware-and-software environment.

5. Draft recommendations about how telecommunications and multimedia hardware-and-software systems can be arranged and implemented in order to ensure efficient online emergency control at Russia’s NPPs.

Applied research under the Project is focused on gaining practical experience and knowledge and evaluating funds and scope of activities necessary for the creation at the NPPs and RosEnergoAtom Concern’s Crisis Center of a computer-aided telecommunications system for online emergency response (Russian acronym is TASOR).

The basis for the TASOR system shall be formed by hardware-and-software complexes enabling videoconferencing and access to databases between the REA’s CC, Engineering Support Centers (ESCs) and NPPs’ LCCs located hundreds and thousands of kilometers apart, as well as experts of the NPPs’ LCCs and REA’s CC.

The core of the problem to be settled down by means of the TASOR system is as follows: prevention and neutralization of emergencies at nuclear power plants requires online development of engineering emergency-response solutions by experts of the NPPs’ LCCs, REA’s CC and CC’s ESCs. Along with standard emergency analysis and prediction methods, the experts make use of their professional experience and knowledge, as well as of other experts’ skills by joint discussions of the problems emerged. In order to minimize the impact of emergencies on the environment, it is essential that the experts should be able to promptly arrange a real-time virtual roundtable emergency discussion and analysis using state-of-the-art telecommunications media. It is also very important for the experts working at the CC, ESCs and NPPs’ LCCs to have an opportunity of online various-type data processing and exchange, including documents, plots, charts, geographic maps, pictures of NPP units and the environment. On the other hand, in order to make adequate decisions, the experts should be able to efficiently and thoroughly analyze emergencies, which in most cases are hard to understand in every detail and uncommon. It is difficult to absolutely and timely get ready for such events. It is, however, extremely important for the experts of different level and qualification to have an opportunity of online acquisition, processing, analysis and utilization of online ready-for-use data stored in the REA’s CC’s databases on potential emergencies and their neutralization as applied to a particular emergency.

This effort is a follow-up project based on the outcome of work under ISTC Project Y2K-7b implemented in 2000 on establishing a videoconferencing and database/application access system between the REA’s CC and ESCs: NIKIET (Moscow), FEI IPPE (Obninsk), OKB Gidropress (Podolsk), IBRAE RAN (Moscow). This project demonstrated that the PictureTel LAN videoconferencing system and Oracle 8i DBMS database access tools enabled efficient teamwork of REA’s CC and ESCs experts. Practical merits of the PictureTel LAN videoconferencing system utilization were demonstrated on October 16 through 19, 2000 during emergency-response exercises conducted by the RosEnergoAtom Concern and the Kalinin NPP via a satellite.

The hardware and software supplied by the ISTC to the REA’s CC and ECSs under Project Y2K-7b is planned to be used as applied to a part of objectives of the present project.

The significance of this project lies in the fact that applied research conducted within its framework will help outline the TASOR system of the RosEnergoAtom Concern. Development of the TASOR system will enable arranging online decision-making by specialists of the NPPs’ Crisis Centers, RosEnergoAtom Concern and Engineering Support Centers in a manner such as to most adequately respond to a given situation by means of advanced information and telecommunications technologies. The TASOR system will ensure minimization of emergency effects on the environment at Russia’s NPPs. Experience gained by means of applied research under project is to be used in the course of scientific and technical collaboration with foreign scientists and experts in the area of NPP safety enhancement (for instance, the USA, Japan, France, Germany, Great Britain, etc.).

High scientific and technical level of the project is attributed to

· the use of up-to-date telecommunications, information and multimedia technologies as applied to the most efficient online NPP emergency control;

· the high scientific and technical qualification of scientists and specialists of VNIIEF and RosEnergoAtom in the area of applied information technology development and utilization, which has been confirmed in practice by the results of establishing the videoconferencing link between the REA’s CC and the ESCs under ISTC Project Y2K-7b;

· the involvement into the project of foreign collaborators researching the same or related problems.

The necessity and practical efficacy of telecommunications and multimedia hardware and software uses for decision-transfer, -processing, -analysis, -development and -making to control NPP emergencies was verified by experts, who participated in the Kalinin NPP exercises on October 16 through 19, 2000, when inpidual capabilities of the REA’s CC NPP videoconferencing system were demonstrated by means of a satellite link between Moscow and the city of Udomlya.

The uniqueness of the approach lies in the practical implementation of a “collective brain” concept by means of a virtual roundtable supported by state-of-the-art telecommunications and multimedia means enabling communication between specialists separated from each other by hundreds and thousands of kilometers.

The importance of this project lies in the enhancement of the operational safety of NPPs by eliminating temporary dependence of the most adequate and well-founded decision-making in case of emergency upon communication and data processing means used for the REA’s CC NPPs’ LCCs communication.

Total Project effort is 290 man*months.


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