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Classification and Landslides’ Land-Survey

#KR-1557


Development of Classification Applied and Illustrated Landslides’ Land-Survey of the Kyrgyz Republic

Tech Area / Field

  • ENV-EHS/Environmental Health and Safety/Environment
  • OBS-GEO/Geology/Other Basic Sciences

Status
3 Approved without Funding

Registration date
21.08.2007

Leading Institute
Department of Emergencies Monitoring and Forecasting and Mining Tailings Management, Kyrgyzstan, Bishkek

Collaborators

  • GeoForschungsZentrum Potsdam, Germany, Potsdam\nLawrence Livermore National Laboratory, USA, CA, Livermore

Project summary

The main objective of Project is an establishing of republican information resource to forecast and survey of landslides.

The Project is focused on problem solving to protect population against this natural disaster and infrastructure of landslide activation.

The main points of Project:

  • field research of fallen and forming landslides;
  • compilation of illustrated landslides’ land-survey;
  • design of applied deification of landslides;
  • preparation of recommendations to apply deification to reduce risk of addressed activation of landslides;
  • conduct of practical workshops.

Actuality of project is concerned with necessity to provide preventive measures aimed to protect population, infrastructure and invested developing of mountainous territories against consequences of landslides’ activation.

Nowadays we can observe about 5000 fallen landslides and 100 forming landslides in volume from hundred to million cubic meters of soil covering dozens or thousands meters in republic. The structure of soil varies from loess to semi rocky types. The soil structure varies between glazing and semi-rocky types. The total square of soil exposed to landslide processes following to burial and destruction of houses and infrastructure occupies 7,5 % of territory. During the period of 1968-2005 the 207 persons including women and kids were dead as a consequence of landslides that equal to 80% death roll statistics of 20 kinds of dangerous natural disasters on the territory of the Kyrgyz Republic. In addition to direct risks the avalanching encouraging formation of filled easy-washed out dams near mountain river beds with further formation of mud streams an arising risks in regions are distant from landslides territories. The most danger transponder landslides locate in tailing dumps of radioactive waste materials. The total number of such tailing dumps with 8,2 million cubic meters capacity equal to 31 in the country.

Landslide activity is defines with many factors as weather conditions, underground water level, seismic activity, human economic activities etc. Monitoring of above factors is a quite labor-intensive and complicated task required a qualitative forecast of avalanching and its further consequences. The absence of applied and systemized information on fallen and forming landslides negatively affects on investing policy and effective implementation of preventive measures to protect population and infrastructure in republic. Therefore we can observe a growth of social tension in the whole region.

Taking into account that viewed region is a natural “landslide laboratory” the participants of project are proposed to develop applied deification of fallen and forming landslides and design of illustrated landslides’ land-survey. This information resource in required both specialists of the Ministry of emergency situations, other organizations and students of relevant professions.

The project based on a long-term experience of project [1-8] participants related to research of landslides and geological features in region) as well as experience of scientists and specialists involved in development of weapon technologies and uranium search.

There is no similar project focused on deification and landslides’ land-survey including information and accessible capabilities in Central Asia region. It provides effective and urgent landslides activity forecast, modeling of its activity and ability to implement more efficient safety activities.

The scientists and specialists involved in project implementation will be able to redirect their experience in weapon technologies’ development and uranium search (55,9 % of the total man-days) due to their integration with international learned society focusing on encourage of regional and international problem solving to research landslides process and protect population against this natural disaster. Above aspects are in line with the main aims and activities of ISTC accordingly.

To achieve Project objectives it proposed to solve the following tasks:

  • field research of typical fallen and forming landslides with further definition of its main rating
  • and preparation of photo documenting;
  • compilation of illustrated landslides’ land-survey;
  • design of applied deification of landslides;
  • design of applied landslides’ deification and preparation of its manuals;
  • conduct workshops on project results.

Main project outcomes:
  • illustrated landslides’ land-survey of the Kyrgyz Republic;
  • applied deification of landslides;
  • manual of applied deification to forecast avalanching and expected risks;
  • final report;
  • preparation of relevant environment to implement project results.

Applying of project results will allow to:
  • expand range of facilities to forecast disastrous effects of landslides activity;
  • improve forecast of transponder problems of landslide impact on radioactive tailing dumps;
  • improve information resource to enhance safety work of different organizations acting in landslide dangerous environment;
  • increase level of effective research of landslides.

The project results will be used for:
  • upgrade activities of landslide research and relevant processes;
  • commercial capacity enhancing of business relations among all stakeholders involved in relevant activities;
  • enlargement of training and practical base for students of geological faculties as well as scientific and productive base for scientists.

Potential contribution of foreign collaborators while project implementation:
  • information exchange;
  • participation in technical control of project activities;
  • conduct of jointed workshops;
  • provide an expert assistance to solve some project tasks.

Planning of field works will be based on analysis of existing data related to fallen and activated landslides in country. To conduct field activities it proposed to define geometrical and volumetric rating, position data and administrative location of landslides.

Further illustration of fallen landslides’ land-survey will be supplied with field photo materials accordingly. To design land survey model it proposed to use technical resources of the monitoring department of the Ministry of emergency situations of the Kyrgyz Republic. Development of applied deification of landslides will be based on synthesis and analysis both existing materials and information to be gained within the framework of project using computer base.

As per project results it proposed to publish some scientific and technical articles.

Enclosure

  1. A. Ajtaliev., H. Ibatulin, M. Abdrahmanov, V. Ponomarev. and other, “Monitoring, forecast and preparation of response to possible activation of dangerous processes and disasters on the territory of the Kyrgyz Republic and neighboring areas of Central Asian states ”, Government of the Kyrgyz Republic, Ministry of Extraordinary situations of the Kyrgyz Republic, Asian Center of natural disasters risk reduction, Bishkek 2006, pgs.618,)
  2. H. Ibatulin. Landslide mechanism in south-west part of Fergana mountain ridge. Collection “Issues of engineering geodynamics”, Tashkent, 1975, pgs. 20-23.
  3. Charsky V., Buzurukov A. “Radioecology in Kyrgyzstan (MAILUU-SUU)”. The international congress on radioecologe, Tomsk,2003 (publication).
  4. A.K. Chaus. Scheme of small-scale engineer-cryopedological zoning of interior of Tyan-Shan Alpine. Collection of scientific articles “Hydrology and engineering geology of the Kyrgyz Republic”, Frunze, “Ilim”, 1990 pages 29-35
  5. Hadjamberdiev I., Ponomarev V., Shablovsky V. Disasters Threat in Tienshan-Pamir Region. 9th International River Symposium, Brislane, Australia, 2006, p. 46-47.


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The International Science and Technology Center (ISTC) is an intergovernmental organization connecting scientists from Kazakhstan, Armenia, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, and Georgia with their peers and research organizations in the EU, Japan, Republic of Korea, Norway and the United States.

 

ISTC facilitates international science projects and assists the global scientific and business community to source and engage with CIS and Georgian institutes that develop or possess an excellence of scientific know-how.

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