Women Health in Polluted Regions
State of Women Health and Their Descendants Living in the Unfavorable Man-Caused Zones and the Possibilities of Their Rehabilitation
Tech Area / Field
- ENV-EHS/Environmental Health and Safety/Environment
3 Approved without Funding
Association "Safe Motherhood", Tajikistan, Dushanbe
- Tajik State National University, Tajikistan, Dushanbe\nMaternity House #3, Tajikistan, Dushanbe
Project summaryAim of the research: to define a condition of the reproductive system of women and men as well as their descendants living in unfavorable man-caused zones and development of the methods of their corrections.
Experts of the WHO determined that population health for 20% depends on the surrounding environment. The main role in air pollution is due to industrial and transport sources. In 1999 more than 7 mln. tones of contaminants were brought by 5 Central Asian States (2).
The main sources of such contaminants are metallurgical, mining and processing enterprises. It’s known that around above-mentioned enterprises a definite biogeochemical space is formed with high amount of harmful stuff, which negatively influence on the human health.
Population living in near the TADAZ have a frequency of inflammatory deceases and derangements of menstrual function in the structure of gynecological morbidity 2-3 times exceeding the averages: 44,8% and 32% correspondingly (3)
It’s proved that man-caused factors of TADAZ 2 times increase: the frequency of gestosis (18,5%) and miscarriage (44,7%), 5-6 times (26,6%). – obstetric bleeding (3).
However factories and plant, producing, cleaning or storing uranic ore cause much more danger.
In the territory of Tajikistan enterprises are located activities of which used to be under authorities of special inaccessible to public institutions. Thus in the existing literature there is no information on influence of tailing damps and uranium processing enterprises on the health of population (4).
So far there was no any evaluation of the biogeochemical conditions and influence on the human health in the areas of impact of the above-mentioned enterprises. But this fact doesn’t exclude some negative consequences on the population health.
It’s well known that state of reproductive system determines a state of gene pool of nation. At the same time in the areas of living an extent of precursor of cancer of women genitals and other deceases of reproductive sphere has not been studied; state of descendants and their morbidity is unknown. Urgency of the problem is determined as well by total number of population experiencing possible impact of unfavorable radioactive background.