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Hologram Optical Elements

#0865


Development and Creation of a Hologram Optical-Element Set for Educational and Experimental Works

Tech Area / Field

  • PHY-OPL/Optics and Lasers/Physics

Status
3 Approved without Funding

Registration date
05.02.1997

Leading Institute
Science and Production Center "State Institute of Applied Optics", Russia, Tatarstan, Kazan

Supporting institutes

  • Kazan State Technological University, Russia, Tatarstan, Kazan\nRussian Academy of Sciences / Kazan Physical-Technical Institute, Russia, Tatarstan, Kazan

Collaborators

  • Heinrich Heine Universität Düsseldorf / Institut für Physik der Kondensierten Materie, Germany, Düsseldorf

Project summary

Nowadays the usage of holograms as optical elements (HOEs) (for example, mirror-lens focusing systems, diffraction gratings, narrow-band filters) has acquired the most practical significance. In this case the holograms carry out the target-oriented transformation of an incident light wave. Hologram optical elements allow constructing the more light and miniature optical systems for different purposes compared with conventional optics. In spite of tremendous perspectives of HOE usage in optical instrument making, their practical employment is small up to now. One of main reasons of this fact is insufficiency of qualified specialists in the field of holography. It is not surprising, as there are no complete courses on optical holography (within preparation of engineers and researchers) in schools of general education, technical secondary schools and Institutes of higher education up to now.

We suggest a new effective means of education, a set of hologram optical elements, to give a new pulse for expanding the realization of potential opportunities of optical holography and integrated optics in techniques and for supporting the education in these specific fields of knowledge. The usage of this set allows demonstrating (together with basic effects of holography) the diffraction and dispersion phenomena, experiments for determining the light-wave length as well as other optical effects connected with phenomena of light interference and diffraction.

Initially, direct recording of the objects will produce physical hologram optical elements, and computer-generated hologram elements will be made by forming the structure with a specific diamond tool in a metal layer (deposited on a glass substrate) as well as directly in glass. In the future, technology of copying the optical elements from previously made original-masters is planned to use along with the direct recording of objects using the holographic set-ups.

Results to be expected

As a result of project realization, a set of hologram optical elements will be made as well as a methodical educational program and technological basis of making the hologram optical elements will be developed. Thus, a partial conversion of NPO GIPO will be carried out by means of reorienting the research workers and engineers to the development of civil products.

Potential role of foreign collaborators

We invite foreign partners to take part in expanding the nomenclature of a hologram optical-element set as well as in developing the methodical aid on HOE usage for educational purposes and also in sharing received final results.


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