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Disinfectants Against Anthrax Agent

#2970.2


Novel Disinfectants for Decontamination of the Objects Affected by Anthrax Agents in Biological Terror Acts

Tech Area / Field

  • BIO-SFS/Biosafety and BioSecurity/Biotechnology
  • BIO-CHM/Biochemistry/Biotechnology
  • BIO-MIB/Microbiology/Biotechnology
  • CHE-IND/Industrial Chemistry and Chemical Process Engineering/Chemistry

Status
3 Approved without Funding

Registration date
31.07.2006

Leading Institute
Research Center of Toxicology and Hygienic Regulation of Biopreparations, Russia, Moscow reg., Serpukhov

Supporting institutes

  • Federal Centre of Toxicological and Radiation Safety of Animals, Russia, Tatarstan, Kazan

Collaborators

  • US Environmental Protection Agency, USA, DC, Washington\nDepartment of the Army / Army Reseash Office, USA, NC, Durham

Project summary

The objective of the #2970.2 project is search and development of effective disinfecting means for decontamination and sanitation of the objects affected by the agents of especially dangerous infections, anthrax in particular, since the recent events lead to the conclusion that these microorganisms will most likely be used in the acts of bioterrorism.

Disinfectants being used in practice are rather effective towards vegetative cells of anthrax microbes. However, the presence of spores hampers the disinfection process due to their relative resistance to disinfectants.

Despite a specific vaccine being available, mass anti-anthrax prophylaxis of the population is not being realized except of that used in several professional groups and conducted based on epidemiological indices. So the majority of the population has no immunity against this infection.

The efficiency of any act of terrorism largely depends on the availability of reliable defence means and techniques as well as on preventive measures. Development of novel disinfectants provides a real possibility to expand the arsenal of tools for responding to bioterrorism.

In this connection, an important task is the development of novel disinfectant and sterilant compounds, study of their action and development of recommendations on their application.


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