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Organomineral Fertilizer as Powder Destruction Products

#1434


Research and Development of the Technology of Microbiological Degradation of Powder and Production of Organo-Mineral Fertilizer Based on the Destruction Products

Tech Area / Field

  • BIO-IND/Industrial Biotechnology/Biotechnology

Status
8 Project completed

Registration date
24.12.1998

Completion date
09.10.2002

Senior Project Manager
Kulikov G G

Leading Institute
Center for International Environmental Cooperation (INENCO), Russia, St Petersburg

Collaborators

  • Oak Ridge National Laboratory, USA, TN, Oak Ridge

Project summary

There will be developed the scientific and methodological principles of disintegrating powder components and solid reactive fuel by mechanical dispersing and dissolving thereof in an easily-volatile solvent with further dispersion in an aqueous medium. The technological processes of partial hydrolysis of nitrocellulose in powder elements and preparation of sediment for biological destruction will be also developed.

It is supposed that the balanced system of cellulase enzymes of low inhibiting effect of the hydrolysis products on the process will be developed basing on the selection of symbiotic compositions of aerobic thermophile microorganisms used for the enzymatic microbiological hydrolysis of nitroderivatives of cellulose.

Recovery of the products of biodestruction of powder stock will be performed after the separation of liquid phase from the products of biodestruction of powder and microbial stuff using the separation or filtration technique with further drying thereof. It is possible to use the biocompatible adsorbents like peat and zeolite that along with the improvement of the consumer properties of fertilizer will promote the separation of liquid and solid phases and adsorption refining of liquid from the soluble products of biodestruction and metabolism. The required components like potassium, phosphorus and microelements will be added to the produced stock. Having passed through the biological control and corresponding vegetation tests the so produced concentrated complex fertilizers of a prolonged effect are supposed to be predominantly used in flower planting and in personal plots.

The solution of the above tasks and application of the research results on a lab-scale equipment will allow to development the recommendations for the large-scale production connected with recovery of an artillery and rocket ammunition.

By now Ph. D., Prof. Tanya Kuritz (University of Tennessee, Center for Environmental Biotechnology, 676 Dabney Hole. Knoxville, TN 37996. Tel. (423) 241-6013, (423) 574-6594. Fax (423) 574-9888. E-mail: kuritzt ornl.gov) has agreed to be collaborator in the project. A sphere of her activity is a molecular microbiology. Research institutes, private concerns, separate experts from USA, European Union, Japan, Norway and Southern Korea are invited to participation in the project as collaborators. Authors of the project are especially interested in cooperation with the experts in the field of the technology of powder and solid reactive fuel production. The following aspects of cooperation are offered to collaborators: (a) participation in Russia the work-shop on problems of a dispersion fire- and explosive dangerous materials and creation symbiotic populations of microorganisms, including thermophile, for optimization the biodestruction velocity; (b) the priority to use the technology developed at the present project and (c).


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