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Space System for Controlling Emergency Situations on the Earth

#1042


Space Technology for the Centralized Emergency Control. (Monitoring of Nuclear Power Facilities for the Normal Operation and Emergency; Monitoring of the Nuclear Sites' Influence on the Radiation Situation and Other Ecological Factors).

Tech Area / Field

  • ENV-MIN/Monitoring and Instrumentation/Environment

Status
3 Approved without Funding

Registration date
11.07.1997

Leading Institute
Russian Academy of Sciences / Space Research Institute, Russia, Moscow

Supporting institutes

  • NPO Lavochkin, Russia, Moscow reg., Khimki\nScientific Research Institute for Space Device Engineering, Russia, Moscow\nAll-Russian Research Institute of Electromechanics, Russia, Moscow\nCentral Research Institute of Machine Building (TsNIIMash), Russia, Moscow reg., Korolev\nKurchatov Research Center, Russia, Moscow

Project summary

The proposed global automated information system makes it possible to effectively solve the problem of forecasting and timely detecting emergency situations of natural and technogenic origin occurring all over the globe as well as the problem of controlling their consequences elimination. The System is being developed on the basis of the techniques and technical facilities for Earth monitoring from space.

At the first stage this System will provide for forecasting, determination and monitoring of elimination of emergency consequences after failures at nuclear power facilities.

This problem solution is of interest for almost all countries as vast territories are subjected to ecologically dangerous contamination when failures occur at nuclear power stations. This concerns also the countries possessing no nuclear facilities.

At present no similar global system exists. Every state solves the above listed tasks at a local level using conventional techniques and facilities for the situation control and data transmission.

During the project implementation unique space research techniques, technologies and facilities already developed at the organizations involved in the project as well as their multi-year experience in the implementation of research and applied space programs will be widely used. These developments guarantee the task successful solution with minimal expenditure and within short terms.

The project's uniqueness and novelty consist in the synthesis of three fields of activity which are, on the one hand, independent and, on the other hand, interrelated for this problem solution trends (research, safety at nuclear power facilities and environmental control). The project is a pioneer step on the way of the creation of an automatically operating international space system for a global monitoring of emergency occurrence and their consequences elimination.

The project implementation includes the whole complex of the research work on the creation of a space system (phase "A"). The materials prepared within the framework of the fulfilled studies, developments, experiments and technical and economic calculations will be generalized in two documents: the Final Research Technological Report and Technical Proposals. In addition the main original results will be given in papers and publications.

As for the scientific aspect this project will open a new page in the usage of space facilities for the solution of one more important applied task. In addition the project implementation will promote the solution of several fundamental tasks of the Earth scineces.

Some emergencies directly effect the situation on the world market of many goods and services. Consequently the global timely information about these emergencies will be of high commercial value.

The following organizations are invited to participate in the project: research institutes, private and commercial firms and companies and independent experts from the USA, European Community, Japan, Sweden, Finland and Norway. Within the framework of the project Western collaborators will be able to assist in establishing contacts with organizations from other countries conducting similar studies and developments, in information exchange with these institutions and consulting. In addition Western experts interested in the project can offer the results of their studies and developments and to promote the commercial usage of space facilities being developed while solving the project task.

It is expedient to implement the project developments including design experimental work and pilot project within a framework of a wide international co-operation.


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