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Health Risks in Chelyabinsk

#0060


Evaluation of the potential health risks resulting from worker and public exposures to toxic and radioactive substances in the Chelyabinsk Region.

Tech Area / Field

  • ENV-EHS/Environmental Health and Safety/Environment

Status
8 Project completed

Registration date
10.06.1993

Completion date
14.06.1999

Senior Project Manager
Nagai H

Leading Institute
VNIITF, Russia, Chelyabinsk reg., Snezhinsk

Supporting institutes

  • State Research Center – Institute of Biophysics / Chelyabinsk Branch, Russia, Chelyabinsk reg., Oziorsk\nNPO Mayak, Russia, Chelyabinsk reg., Oziorsk\nInstitute of Biochemical Physics, Russia, Moscow\nExperimental Scientific Research Station, Russia, Chelyabinsk reg., Oziorsk

Collaborators

  • NSRA / Nuclear Safety Research, Japan, Tokyo\nSCK-CEN, Belgium, Mol\nCOGEMA, France, Velizy\nInstitut für Radiobiologie, Germany, Munich\nRIVM - Laboratory of Radiation Research, The Netherlands, Bilthoven\nDutch Nuclear Corporation (DNC), The Netherlands, Amsterdam\nNuclear Power Engineering Corporation, Japan, Tokyo\nLawrence Livermore National Laboratory, USA, CA, Livermore\nBritish Nuclear Fuels Ltd (BNFL), UK, Chesire, Risley Warrington\nForschungszentrum Rossendorf, Germany, Rossendorf

Project summary

It is needed to assess the effects of worker exposures to radiation resulting from radiochemical production and remedial actions involving radioactive wastes processing. Similarly, the public health risks of residual soil and water contamination need to be assessed in order to determine whether existing or future residents at a given location are at excess risk. The basic objectives of the proposed work are to

(1) quantify the doses to workers of radiochemical production and radioactive wastes processing and disposal;

(2) quantify doses to members of the public who are exposed to contaminated soils, air, and water;

(3) develop and validate improved methodologies for determining the health risks of exposures to environmental contaminants and for establishing risk-based standards for protecting the health of workers and the public.

This work will use both information available in the literature and data developed for this project on the historic and current levels of contamination at certain sites in the Chelyabinsk region. It will also use local epidemiological data together with reconstructed doses to assess health risks. Methodologies and supporting data developed by this research project will help provide the basis for governmental and commercial efforts to develop and implement technologies for treating and disposing of mixed radioactive and nonradioactive wastes.

The work will result in obtaining the great amount of data and validated conclusions about the health effects of the ecological trouble associated with the waste-treatment technologies and living on the contaminated areas. One of the ISTC tasks is realized in the course of the project implementation - that is the transference ITP specialists from nuclear weapons development to peaceful activities.


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