Equipment for Fires Detection
The Investigation and Development of the Equipment for the Solution of the Problems of Fire and Environmental Safety
Tech Area / Field
- ENV-MIN/Monitoring and Instrumentation/Environment
- INF-SIG/Sensors and Signal Processing/Information and Communications
- INS-MEA/Measuring Instruments/Instrumentation
3 Approved without Funding
St Petersburg State University of Aerospace Instrument Engineering, Russia, St Petersburg
- Microsystems, State Small Enterprize, Russia, Moscow\nExperimental Research Development and Technological Laboratory "Lagen", Russia, Moscow\nRussian Academy of Sciences / Institute of Radioengineering and Electronics, Russia, Moscow
- Photonic Systems Incorporated, USA, FL, Melbourne\nPaloinsinooritoimisto Spezplan Ky, Finland, Lappila\nUniversity of Central Lancashire, UK, Preston
Project summaryThe problem of fire and ecological safety (FES) is a very broad, global, and one of the topical problem of the present time. The delay in the solution of this problem threatens the humankind with severe consequences. The successful solution of the FES problem is not possible without the development of the FES methods and equipment which are intended to the early stage detection of the fire or environmental danger.
The goal of the Project is the development of the methods and equipment for the early detection of fire danger with high reliability. The following sites are assumed: river and sea vessels; oil and oil product pumping stations; power production facilities, in particular, atomic power stations; railroad tunnels; paint and varnishing chemical production facilities; terminals; different production, warehouse, and service sites; coal mines, etc. Thereby, the development of the FES methods and equipment are inter-related.
All the participants of the Project are specialists on one or several scientific and technological fields from the project, and the leading institution. The St. Petersburg State University of Aerospace Instrumentation has an experience in the conversion activity in the solution of the problems of fire safety, both in research and development works, and educational process. All the experience, results, and techniques are assumed to be used for the Project.
Among expected results, the following can be pointed out. Reliable models of signals generated by a fire source, and the interference affecting these signals, will be determined. This investigation will be carried out on the base of spectral and correlation analysis equipment being developed in this Project. A high level of false alarms in systems for automated fire alarms can be explained by the lack of such models. Based on such models, the development principles for the FES equipment of new generation will be developed. Laboratory prototypes of a number of devices for early detection of fire and environmental danger will be developed and studied. Methods for protection of monitored sites will be developed which are based on the equipment being developed in this Project.
As the FES problem is very urging, the outcome of the Project is expected to have a commercial value.
Both the entire Project and every its part correspond to the goals and tasks of ISTC, in the sense that this Project gives a number of scientists and engineers participating in the Project that have knowledge and qualification in weapon manufacturing, the possibility to orient to civil activity. The fact that the solution of the FES problem provides a wide activity to carry out conversion research and development work primarily contributes to this goal.
The technical approach and methodology for this Project is based on the acoustoelectronics, acousto-optics, and optics methods both in the theoretical and applied applications.