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Sorption Properties of Natural Flints

#T-1627


Investigation of the Sorption Properties of Natural Flints and Flint Water Aiming at Removing Radionuclides and Toxic Agents from Natural Objects and Organisms

Tech Area / Field

  • BIO-RAD/Radiobiology/Biotechnology
  • ENV-EHS/Environmental Health and Safety/Environment
  • ENV-RWT/Radioactive Waste Treatment/Environment

Status
3 Approved without Funding

Registration date
24.04.2008

Leading Institute
Institute of Water Problems, Hydro-Power Engineering and Ecology, Tajikistan, Dushanbe

Supporting institutes

  • Institute of Colloid Chemistry and Water Chemistry, Ukraine, Kiev

Collaborators

  • Siemens Medical Solutions Diagnostics, USA, MA, East Walpole\nUniversitat Politècnica de Catalunya / Departament d'Enginyeria Quimica, Spain, Barcelona\nNihon University / Department of Geosystem Sciences, Japan, Tokyo

Project summary

The project aim is:

To study sorption properties of natural flins and “flint" water on removal of radionuclides and toxic substances from natural waters and organisms.

Atomic weapon tests carried out on a substantial scale in 50s-60s of the past century, disaster at Chernobyl atomic power plant have stimulated the scientists to develop the medicine capable to remove the radioactive nuclides from the human body.

Of all the variety of developed medicine, the complexons play special role in the binding of radioactive nuclides. The complexons are multidentant chelating compounds to constitute from cycle structures.

Analysis of chemical formulas of these compounds shows, that free valencies of oxygen and nitrogen are formed in the complexons and they bind the radioactive nuclides.

However there are a number of limitations for the use of the complexons. The point is that whenever the radioactive nuclide penetrates into the human body there is a primary depot of radioactivity: lungs and digestive tract under inhalation entry, gastrointestinal tract under peroral pollution, and polluted tissues of the wounds.

Resorption of the radioactive isotopes from primary depot may be increased substantially by the use of the complexons, removing radioactive substances from the places of the primary accumulation. Thus it is impossible to take the complexons internally before radiator is removed from the gastrointestinal tract. There are some other restrictions to use such medicines.

At the same time the long-term investigations of the “flint” water properties, carried out by our laboratory, demonstrated that considerable effect in removing of the radioactive cesium and strontium from the human body was possible without any other negative effects in vital functions, although this binding effect is not that strong as the one due to the complexons.

Teams of the scientists participating in the project are experts in various areas of the theory and practice of water-treatment - in the field of theoretical and applied researches of water structural characteristics; in the field of biotesting water on alive organisms; in the field of analytical chemistry of water. Research laboratories of organizations - executors of the project are equipped with sufficiently modern scientific and technical equipment, allowing to solve the tasks posed in the project.

The project duration is three years; at project implementation the following tasks will be solved:

1st Year:

1.1. Investigation of natural flint deposits in Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and in Ukraine.
1.2. Sampling and investigation of mineral content and structural characteristics of natural flints from volcanogenic and flint rocks of different deposits.


2nd Year:

2.1. Development of methods on refine of flint and on obtaining the sorbents with the given sizes of micropores.
2.2. Study of sorption properties of dispersed flints.


3rd Year:

3.1. Working out the methods of obtaining of two kinds of flint water and development of pilot installation for production of two kinds of flint water.
3.2. Tests of flint water activity on removing of radionuclides and toxic elements from biological objects.


The offered project meets to ISTC basic purposes, as more 50 % of scientists and the experts participating in research activity within the framework of the project, have been connected to the weapon.

The project gives scientists and to experts from Republics of Tajikistan, Ukraine and Belarus, connected with development of the weapon, an opportunity for reorientation of the efforts to peace activity.

The project is devoted to the decision of scientific and technical problems of a world level, therefore the project promotes integration of scientists of Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan and Belarus in the international scientific community.

Area of researches of the project - applied and basic researches in the field of geology, hydrology and meteorology.

Developed as a result of performance of the project approaches, technical decisions and the scientific information can become a subject of patenting and sharing with the countries participating in financing of works and foreign collaborators. It is supposed cooperation with foreign collaborators on issue of an exchange of the scientific and technical information in a way of carrying out of workshops and joint conference; joint testing of the received samples and preparation of joint publications are possible also.

List of publications by project authors:

Institute of Water Problems, Hydropower and Ecology Academy of Sciences Republic of Tajikistan

  1. Normatov I.Sh. Studding the kinetics of water disinfection in the presence of inorganic compounds.3rd international Conference on Oxidation Technologies for water and wastewater Treatment, 18-22 May 2003, Goslar, Germany CUTEC –Serial Publication №57.
  2. Normatov I.Sh. Role of water in diffusion of infectious diseases. International Conference on “Man and Water”, 4-6 July, 2002, Raomsar, Iran.
  3. Normatov I.Sh. Water Supply, Drinking Water Quality and Public Health in Tajikistan. NATO/CCMS Pilot Study Meeting “Water, Sanitation and Public Health Impacts in Rural Areas of Central Asia”, 4-5 November, 2003, Almaty, Kazakhstan.
  4. Normatov I.Sh. The affectivity of applying new isotope methods and radiation biogeocenology in defining the migration and space allocation of radionuclides. International Conf. on Isotopic and Nuclear Analytical Techniques for Health and Environment, Vienna, Austria,10-13 June,2003.
  5. Normatov I.Sh. Use of new technologies for water clearing. International Conference “Water and Wastewater: perspectives of developing countries(WAPDEC), New Delhi,India,11-13 December,2002.
  6. Normatov I.Sh. A perspective application of brown coals in the production of catalysts for clearing of waste waters. J. Chem.and Technol. Water.2002.V.24.№5.P.433-439.
  7. Normatov I.Sh. Ecological aspects of water resources management in transboundary rivers of Central Asia. Central Asia International Conference “Ecological stability and modern methods in management of water resources of Aral See basin”, Almaty,Kazakhstan,5-8 May,2003.P.396-398.
  8. Normatov I.Sh. Modern technologies of water treatments and their role in the improvement quality of drinking water. International Conf.”Water Resources of Central Asia and their rational used”.Dushanbe,Tajikistan,9-11 October,2001.
  9. Normatov I.Sh. Measures, taken for preparing underground water sources to be used in case of emergency. XXIII General Assembly of the International Union of Geodesy and Geophysics.Sapporo,Japan,30 June – 11July,2003.
  10. Normatov I.Sh. Isotope methods and their role in analyzing the allocation of water resources. XXIII General Assembly of the International Union of Geodesy and Geophysics. Sapporo, Japan, 30 June – 11 July, 2003.
  11. Water resources of Tajikistan. Editor: Normatov I.Sh. Dushanbe.2003. 112 p.
  12. Normatov I.Sh. Application of the Bentonite for purification of groundwater’s Republic of Tajikistan. J. Chem. And Technology of Water. 2003.№4.P.271-275.
  13. Synthesis and properties of catalysts for the cleaning air and waste waters. Normatov I.Sh., Mirsaidov U. Dushanbe. 2003. 82 p.

Institute of Colloids Chemistry and Water Chemistry of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine
  1. Goncharuk V.V. Physic-chemical bases of selection of catalysts of the acidic-basic type. - Kyiv, Naukova Dumka. - 1991. - 216 p.
  2. Goncharuk V.V., Vasiliev N.G. Natural silicates: a structure, property and reactionary ability. - Kyiv, Naukova Dumka. - 1992. - 176 p.
  3. Goncharuk V.V., Strakhov E.B., Voloshinova A.M. Water-chemical technology of nuclear power installations and ecology. The reference book. - Kyiv, Naukova Dumka. - 1993. - 448 p.
  4. Goncharuk V.V. The conception of improvement of quality of drinking water in Ukraine // Chemistry and technology of water. - 1994, V. 16, № 5. P. 467-472.
  5. Goncharuk V.V., Gorb L.G., Ilchenko N.N. / Quantum-Chemical investigation of geometric structure of the Levis asids sites of the -Al2O3 faces (0001), (1120), (2240) // Journal of Molecular Catalysis. - 1995. - V. 98. - P. 147-155.
  6. Kukhar V.P., Goncharuk V.V. / Measures on deactivation of various objects at liquidation of consequences of failure on Chernobyl atomic power station // Chemistry and technology of water. - 1996. – V. 18, № 2. - P. 115-120.
  7. Goncharuk V.V., Kornilovich B.Yu., Lukachina V.V. / The Clearing of radioactive polluted waters with a natural sorbents // Chemistry and technology of water. - 1996. – V. 18, № 2. - P. 134-139.
  8. Colloid-chemical approach of the decision of urgent ecological tasks connected to liquidation of consequences of failure on Chernobyl АES / V.V. Goncharuk, V/Yu. Tretinnik, V.V. Minchenko, V.V.Lobanov, E.V. Terlikovckii // Chemistry and technology of water. - 1996. – V. 18, № 2. - P. 139-146.
  9. Goncharuk V.V., Klimenko N.A., Maksin V.I.. / The basic principles of creation of typical technology of clearing natural and waste water from radioactive pollution // Chemistry and technology of water. - 1996. – V. 18, № 2. - P. 147-151.
  10. Goncharuk V.V., Kazimirov V.P. / Structure of water // Chemistry and technology of water. - 1999. – V. 21, № 3. - P. 232-244.
  11. Goncharuk V.V., Kamalov G.L., Kovtun G.A., Rudakov E.S., Yazimirskii V.K. Catalysis. Mechanisms homogeneous and heterogeneous of catalysis. Clustering the approaches. - Kyiv, Naukova Dumka. - 2002. - 541 p.
  12. Goncharuk V.V., Bagrii V.A., Arhipchuk V.V., Chebotareva R.D. / Biotesting of the electrochemical activated water // Chemistry and technology of water. - 2005. – V. 27, № 4. - P. 399-401.


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