Cosmophysical Factors and Radioactivity
Experimental Investigations of Dependence of Radioactive Decay Characteristics and Changes in Crystalline Structures from Cosmophysical Factors
Tech Area / Field
- PHY-ANU/Atomic and Nuclear Physics/Physics
- FIR-NSS/Nuclear Safety and Safeguarding/Fission Reactors
- INF-SIG/Sensors and Signal Processing/Information and Communications
- PHY-PFA/Particles, Fields and Accelerator Physics/Physics
- PHY-SSP/Solid State Physics/Physics
3 Approved without Funding
Central Research Institute of Machine Building (TsNIIMash), Russia, Moscow reg., Korolev
- Russian Academy of Sciences / Institute of Nuclear Research, Russia, Moscow\nInstitute of Theoretical and Experimental Biophysics, Russia, Moscow reg., Puschino
- Max-Planck-Institut für Aeronomie, Germany, Katienburg-Lindau\nPrivates Institut fuer Umweltanalysen, Germany, Lichtenau\nState University of New York College at Fredonia, USA, NY, Fredonia
Project summaryIn the results of long-term experimental investigations of characteristics of radiation decays and changes in crystal quartz structures, some general regularities are revealed which suggest the existence of cosmophysical factors of an unknown nature.
These factors become apparent in the parameters of a- and b-decays, fine structure of sample distributions of results of radioactivity measurements, and difference between the frequencies of two quartz resonators. These phenomena can be of considerable importance for understanding of many fundamental processes as well as for solution of various applied problems. There are some reasons to suggest that a set of unexpected experimental results and some critical situations in nuclear energetic are due to cosmophysical factors. The goal of the Project is the investigation of nature of the cosmophysical factors, responsible for phenomena above, and evaluation of necessity to take they into account in course of nuclear reactions intensity measurements.
During many years theoretical and experimental investigations of a cosmophysical factor manifesting itself as an anisotropic property of the physical space (an anisotropic force) were conducted by two researchers group:
1. Federal State Unitary Plant ”Central Research Institute of Machine Building” (in Russian FGUP TsNIIMASH) in collaboration with Kurchatoff’s Institute of Atomic Energy, Institute of General Physics of Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow State University, Schternberg’s State Astronomical Institute of MSU, Institute of Nuclear Researches (INR RAS), Joint Institute of Nuclear Researches (JINR, Dubna) etc.
2. Institute of Theoretical and Experimental Biophysics of RAS in collaboration with Moscow Engineering Physics Institute (MEPhI), Physical and Biological Departments of Moscow State University (MSU), Skobeltsyn Institute of Nuclear Physics of Moscow State University (NPI MSU), Max Plank Institute of Aeronomy (MPAE, Katlenburg-Lindau, Germany), International Institute of Biophysics (IIB, Neuss, Germany), Arctic and Antarctic Research Institute of Russian Federal Service For Hydrometeorology and Environmental Monitoring (AARI), Joint Institute of Nuclear Researches (JINR, Dubna) etc.
The first group (leader Yu.A.Baurov) investigates the dependence of b-decay intensity and two quartz resonators differential frequency on measurement complex orientation in respect of cosmological vector potential.
Under the scientific direction of TsNIIMASH from 1994 at the State Technical University (STV) of Sankt-Peterbourg and subsequently (from 1995 till 1999) at JINR (Dubna), a set of experiments were carried out to obtain a confirmation of existence the cosmophysical factor, that could explain the patterns of the b-decay intensity of radioactive substances (60Co, 137Cs, 90Sr). For the first time in the world, a new property of the physical space was detected which manifested itself in variations of the rate of the b-decay of radioactive elements during rotation of the physical laboratory together with the Earth around its axis as well as around the Sun. An approximately 24-hour and 27-day periods in variations of the b-decay rate were detected. An analysis of the experimental results has shown that the rate of the b-decay varies when a tangent line to a parallel of latitude at the point of observation of extremes of b-decay intensity goes through some fixed spatial direction. In the experiments a scintillation procedure of investigations was used. In a half-year experiment performed at JINR (Dubna) the influence of the setup itself upon the final result of measurements was studied, and the influence of possible artifacts was excluded.
Within some months of 2000, a simultaneous experiment on investigating the action of the cosmophysical factor detected upon the b-decay rate of 60Co (at INR RAS, Troitsk) and 137Cs (at JINR, Dubna) was performed. With the aid of high-stability Ge-Li detectors three spatial directions corresponding to the passage through them of the tangent line to the parallel of latitude at the point of location of laboratory, as was said above, with changed in intensity of decays up to 0.7-0.8% at INR and 0.2% at JINR, were found.
At FGUP TsNIIMASH in the course of two years (2000-2002), an uninterrupted experiment on investigation of the new cosmophysical factor with the aid of a system of two quartz resonators is going. It is found that the tangent line to the parallel of latitude drawn at point of observation of minimum difference of frequencies of quartz resonators forms, as the laboratory rotates together with the Earth, three subsets of direction identical to these detected in the simultaneous experiment carried out in INR RAS and JINR.
Thus all these experiments point to a nature of the cosmophysical factor analyzed.
The second group (leader S.E.Shnoll) investigates changes in fine structure of sample distributions (histogram shape) in course of uninterrupted measurements a-decay in dependence on geographical coordinates and orientation measurement complex with respect to stars, Sun and Moon.
The results of long-term measurements of radioactive decay intensity performed in different geographical points were analyzed. These points were: Puschino (Moscow region, ITEB RAS, uninterrupted measurements from 1982), Moscow (MEPhI, MSU, NPI MSU), Germany (MPAE, IIB), Dubna (JINR), St-Petersburg (AARI), in course of expeditions (Murmansk, Apatiti, as well as Indian (1988), Atlantic (2001) and Arctic (2000) Oceans).
Special attention was paid to possible artifacts elimination.
In previous long-term investigations have been shown that in spite of satisfactory fitting of long time series by Poisson distribution, always existing fine structure of sample distribution (histogram), constructed according to sequence of short non-overlapping intervals of this series, regularly vary in time.
In parallel independent measurements of 239Pu a-activity in different geographical points it was revealed that synchronous (by local time) histograms have the similar shape significantly more often, then non-synchronous ones. The probability to obtain the shape of histogram, similar to each given one, is increased with near-circadian period, as well as with 27-days and annual periods.
These results point to cosmophysical dependencies of measured parameters.
It is obvious that the extensive further inquiry is required for investigation of nature of the discovered phenomenon, its fundamental and applied aspects.
The aim of the project put forward is the performance of long term (~3 years, to reveal a yearly periodicity) experimental investigation of the cosmophysical factor by means of joint efforts of several scientific groups. It will be performed by the simultaneously analysis of characteristics of radioactive decays as well as the behavior of crystal structures.
It is suggested to carry out uninterrupted measurements of alpha and beta activity on the base of laboratories in JINR RAS (Dubna), INR RAS (Troitsk), ITEB RAS (Puschino), Physical Department and NPI MSU (Moscow), as well as in different expeditions, by means of especially designed devices.
The aperiodicities in alpha and beta radioactivity measurements, frequency parameters of quartz resonators and other processes depending on geographical coordinates (longitude and latitude effects), relative Earth orientation upon Sun and stars, interplanetary magnetic field and other factors will be investigated.
The present software will be improved and new soft will be designed for data processing and analysis.
The present work is of pioneer character. A team of scientists presented is the most competent in the given field of knowledge.
The realization of the project will allow an improvement of anisotropy properties of the cosmophysical factor (possible unknown before) - the direction and magnitude of the anisotropy force, character of propagation of the new signal associated with the existence of the new force, etc. - as well as the elucidation of the influence of other factors (the action of Moon, the Sun, etc.) on the characteristics of objects investigated.
The project is of the fundamental significance since it gives new knowledge’s about the structure of the physical space and physical vacuum, – a lowest energetic state of physical fields. The project is also of applied and commercial significance. Its results might open the way to improve the safety system of nuclear reactors by way of predicting “seemingly accidental” (as was thought earlier) anomalies, to increase the reactor capacity, to develop radically new systems of predicting earthquakes as well as solar activity.
The project meets the aims of ISTC since gives to “weapon” scientists a possibility to re-orient their knowledge’s for the peaceful activities in the field of the fundamental physics. The project can also contribute to the solution of the problem of creating planetary system of predicting possible disasters such as earthquake, the information on which arrives through a new information channel associated with cosmophysical channel associated with the cosmophysical factors in consideration.
The cost of the project is – $ 298000 USD for three years. The role of foreign collaborators (from Japan, Germany, Italy, USA) is determined by their scientific interest to the problem and by participation in joint investigation (on their experimental base) of properties of the cosmophysical factor under scientific supervision of FGUP TsNIIMASH.
To study the cosmophysical factor on the bans of measurements of characteristics of a- and b-decays, the most modern and stable detectors will be used (for example, the Ge-Li-detectors for investigating the b-decays).
When investigating the cosmophysical factors in consideration with the use of the systems of quartz generators, the most modern developments of such systems having the frequency drift of ~ 10-(9-10) per day and ~ 5*10-8 per year.