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Environment Risks in Baikonur Area

#K-451


System Analysis of an Environment Objects in the Territories of Kazakhstan which Suffered Negative Influence through Baikonur Space Port Activity

Tech Area / Field

  • ENV-MRA/Modelling and Risk Assessment/Environment

Status
8 Project completed

Registration date
29.12.1999

Completion date
10.04.2002

Senior Project Manager
Rudneva V Ya

Leading Institute
Kazakh National University / Center of Physical and Chemical Methods of Analysis, Kazakstan, Almaty

Project summary

The purpose of the given project is the creation of a system, which will allow to supply the analysis of an environment of Kazakhstanterritory treated by negative influence of activity of a space port of "Baikonur". Major factors of negative effect of start of a space equipment on an environment are:
- products of combustion of fuel during start of space systems;
- a plume of rocket engines;
- head shock wave originating at low heights for want of a supersonic velocity of flight;
- a strait of not produced residuals of fuel;
- a radioactive radiation (nuclear power sources);
- electromagnetic radiation;
- noise and vibrations;
- an ejection in atmosphere ozone destroyed of substances;
- a contamination of regions of a falling by a debris metallic consrtuctions.

The variety of the listed factors, furthermore of different order, has not allowed to reduce them into a defenite system. The creation of such system is actual because it will allow to supply ecological safety of space-rocket activity. For creation of such system first of all it is necessary to form a data box. In its turn such basis is possible because of of huge statistical material carrying a multifactor character. The special place is taken by the results of phisical-chemical diagnostics in a line-up soil–water–air–plant–animals–person, which will allow:

- to create the normative - methodical documentation on an evaluation, decrease(reduction) and indemnification of harmful effect of activity of a Military-Kosmic Complex MKK on territory of Republic of Kazakhstan;

- to generate a data bank on a condition of nature-economic activity of territories of Kazakhstan subject to effect MКК;

- to create systems of constant ecological monitoring of regions of a falling of the launcher "Proton".


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