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Microelements in Agricultural Production and User’s Health Protection

#G-1774


Studying of Environmental Pollution by Microelements, their Transfer into Plants and Development of Health Protection Methods for Agricultural Production Users

Tech Area / Field

  • ENV-EHS/Environmental Health and Safety/Environment

Status
3 Approved without Funding

Registration date
31.08.2009

Leading Institute
Georgian Technical University, Georgia, Tbilisi

Collaborators

  • Interenvironment Ltd., Canada, ON, Toronto\nOstWestTransfer e.K., Germany, Regis-Breitingen\nMGW SRED Consultants Inc., Canada, ON, Waterloo

Project summary

A reverse side of mining-extractive industry development is environmental pollution. In the conditions of a poor ecological control significant part of the sites, being in agricultural turnover, is subjected to pollution.

The most critical situation, connected with such a problem, is observed in the countries with mountainous relief, particularly in Georgia, where mining-extractive enterprises are located in the regions of mountainous pastures and in agricultural areas of economic significance. As a final result of this problem the farm produce harmful for health are used by population. A special danger presents the pollution produced by toxic metals. Recently carried out investigations of soils and bottom sediments in reservoirs have allowed to bring out increased content of Hg, Sb, Cu, As, Pb, Se, Te, Bi, Mo, W the most of which are considered to be toxic ones.

These polluting elements sources are mining-extractive enterprises where from they are being transfered by air currents, surface and ground waters.

The goal of the present project is the assessment of the pollution level of agro-industrial production by toxic metals, revelation of sources and ways of migration with surface, ground waters and air currents, as well as impact on general pathological processes and methods development for reducing this impact.

The investigations are supposed to be carried out in four regions of Georgia which are mostly exposed to the risk. These regions natural conditions and persity of natural and techno-genetic processes, taking place there and having a great impact on the environment, require that field, laboratory, technical and experimental works should be carried out for every region separately. Moreover the connection should be determined with typical sickness rate for a given region, using the experiments carried out on laboratory animals.

Methodological approach intends complex usage of principles with application of well-known up-date methods of technical means. The results yielded in the process of the field, laboratory and experimental works within the project frame will allow to elaborate practical recommendations, concerning the risk reducing for population health.

The project proposed staff has necessary experience, competence and skill in the work. The role of foreign collaborators (oversea partners) is rather great since they are professionals having necessary work experience according to the given trend. That will foster exchange of ideas and information in the process of the project fulfilment and getting necessary consultations.


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