Burial Ground in Tajicistan
Inspection of Republican Point of Burial Radioactive Wastage with the Purpose of Development a Technical Decision for its Rehabilitation
Tech Area / Field
- ENV-RWT/Radioactive Waste Treatment/Environment
- ENV-RED/Remediation and Decontamination/Environment
- ENV-WDS/Waste Disposal/Environment
8 Project completed
Senior Project Manager
Physical-Technical Institute, Tajikistan, Dushanbe
- Head department on an accomplishment of Dushanbe city, Tajikistan, Dushanbe\nAcademician Adkhamov Fund, Tajikistan, Dushanbe
- Brookhaven National Laboratory / Environment & Waste Technology Center, USA, NY, Upton
The State Burial Place of Radioactive Waste Products (SBPRWP) started to operate in 1957. It is located in Faizabad District of the Republic of Tajikistan in 40 km far from Dushanbe and in 8 km from the Faizabad District Center. There are 2 rural settlements approximately in 3 km far from the SBPRWP.
The SBPRWP occupies the total area of 70 hectares from which 6 hectares is occupied by the zone of strictly control and the sanitary protective zone.
Before the formation of the new independent states implementation of the control of the activity of SBPRWP was centralized. Periodically one time in 2 years the experts from the Scientific Industrial Organization “Radon” from Moscow conducted the complex inspection of the SBPRWP. Last 15 years the inspections were not conducted. During the past civil war in Tajikistan the documentation was in part lost.
The SBPRWP has burial places for the solid (SRW) and liquid radioactive waste products (LRW). Two burial grounds, namely, the burial ground of strongly active SRW and the burial ground of biological waste products are conserved. Two other burial grounds, namely, the capacity for LWR and filled burial ground of SRW are removed from operation, but not conserved. On the operating combined burial ground for LWR and SWR sources with the total activity more than 60 KCi are buried, which 30 times exceeds the designed capacity of the burial ground.
The greatest anxiety is caused by the capacity with LWR and filled SRW burial ground. Storage of LWR began in 1975. Now the capacity of LWR storage contains approximately 90 m3 of a radioactive liquid. The constant control of the condition of capacity is not conducted. Both radioisotope and chemical compound and radio-activity of the liquid are not known. According the international regulations and norms this condition is considered an emergency one, which may result in radioactive environmental contamination.
Downhill from the SBPRWP there the Ilyak River flows, which is the inflow of the Kafirnigan river running into Amu Darya. Penetration of the polluted waters into the river may cause the ecological catastrophe.
The filled now burial place for SRW was maintained and operated in 1962-1990. It required the conservation according the international rules, in order to avoid the cases of penetration to its territory and plunder of the radioactive sources which can be used for terrorist activity.
The purpose of the present project is the investigation of radio-ecological condition and the general situation on the State Burial Place of Radioactive Waste Products for the development of offers on its remediation and rehabilitation.