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Muon Catalyzed Fusion

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MUON Catalyzed Fusion

Tech Area / Field

  • FUS-ICS/Inertial Confinement Systems/Fusion

Status
8 Project completed

Registration date
01.03.1993

Completion date
06.07.1998

Senior Project Manager
Karabashev S G

Leading Institute
Kurchatov Research Center / Mucatex, Russia, Moscow

Supporting institutes

  • Joint Institute of Nuclear Research, Russia, Moscow reg., Dubna
  • VNIIEF, Russia, N. Novgorod reg., Sarov

Collaborators

  • University of Berkeley, W&M, USA, CA, Los-Angeles
  • University of Nottingham, UK, Nottingham
  • TU Delft, The Netherlands, Delft
  • Universität Aarhus / Institute of Physics and Astronomy, Denmark, Aarhus
  • Paul Scherer Institute, Switzerland, Villigen
  • ENEA, Italy, Bologna
  • Los-Alamos National Laboratory, USA, NM, Los-Alamos

Project summary

We propose a feasibility study on the use of muon catalysed fusion (MCF) in the hydrogen isotope mixtures as intense neutron sources and hybrid fusion/fission reactors. Experiment and theory will provide a scientific base from which optimal parameters can be provided to the source design studies. The data will be of use in other fields. The project includes:

a) HCF Experiments and Theory. Presently these give 150 dt®an fusions per muon stopped in a D/T mixture and indicate higher fusion rates from H/D/T triplet mixtures for lover tritium inventories, we propose to complete studies on critical D/T parameters and make the first systematic measurements on triplet H/D/T mixtures in the pressure ranges;

i) 0.05-0.2 k.bar; target designed and built at St.-Petersburg Nuclear Physics Xnstitute (PNPI, Gatchina) for use at Paul Scherrer Institute (PSI, Switzerland);
ii) ® 0.8 k.bar, and iii) ® 8 k.bar; both targets designed, build and operated by the Russian Federal Nuclear Center (RFNC, Arzamas-16) for use at Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (JINR, Dubna).


All relevant muon channels will be calculated; the resulting computer code of the kinetics of MCF will use this measured, compre-hensive data set to derive the optimal parameters (temperature, pressure, isotopic composition) of the hydrogen isotope mixture for neutron production.

b) Tritium Containment and Recovery. Such will be developed by RFNC in collaboration with the All-Russian Institute of Non-organic Materials.

c) Basic Neutron Source and MCF-Reactor. Such will be performed by MUCATEX in collaboration with various non-FSU Countries.


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