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Microbiological Preparations for Plant Protection

#KR-702


Creation of High Effective Microbiological Preparation for Protection Agricultural and Forests from Pests

Tech Area / Field

  • BIO-MIB/Microbiology/Biotechnology
  • BIO-IND/Industrial Biotechnology/Biotechnology
  • AGR-PPR/Plant Protection/Agriculture

Status
3 Approved without Funding

Registration date
13.03.2001

Leading Institute
Institute of Biology and Pedology, Kyrgyzstan, Bishkek

Collaborators

  • Ohio State University / Ohio Agricultural Research and Development Center, USA, Wooster, Ohio\nUnited States Department of Agriculture / Agricultural Research Service, USA, MD, Beltsville\nKVL Royal Veterinary and Agricultural University , Denmark, Copenhagen\nSt Andrews University / School of Biology, UK, St Andrews\nFachhochschule Osnabrück, University of Applied Sciences, Germany, Osnabrück\nUnited States Department of Agriculture / Northeastern Forest Experiment Station, USA, WV, Morgantown

Project summary

The replacement of chemical means of plant protection from dangerous insects with ecologically harmless methods is now a major issue worldwide. This stimulates specialists in plant protection to seek alternative means of control over phytophagans. In this respect, the microbiological field, which covers various microorganism groups and products of their activity, has considerable potential for restraining a mass flare of pests.

Of these microorganisms, the entomophatogene bacteria of Bac.thuringiensis has a particular significance. These bacteria damage more than 200 kinds of agricultural and forest pests. In many countries industrial preparations are produced on the basis of these bacteria and they are applied with great success in the protection of plants.

Despite the fact that considerable areas of forest and cultivated plants in Kyrgyzstan are situated in reservoir and resort zones and nature reserves, there is still a problem with the organization of integrated plant protection against harmful organisms, including microbiological control. Thus, the need arises to define and develop a microbiological method for plant protection in Kyrgyzstan. The Institute has created a collection of highly virulent Bac. thuringiensis strains (author’s license N 1794434 and patent N 329 for invention of strains).

The Project goal is the development and improvement of technologies to produce new bacterial preparations based on local Bacillus thuringiensis strains.

The peculiarity of the above technology lies in the use of original high tech strains and in the simplicity of the technology. Preparations produced on the basis of the proposed technology will differ from current standard preparations with higher virulence and elective operation. This allows their effective use not only against lepidopteron, but also against coleopteran and sucking plant pests.

The practical realization of the project includes construction of experimental plant with flexible technological lines which can later serve as basic models to organize production of small amounts of the material (10 to 15 tons of the preparation per season) in different regions of the country.

Project implementation will promote the elaboration of scientific bases for an integrated system of plant protection and development of agricultural biotechnology in Kyrgyzstan. The results of the project will also contribute greatly to the solution of ecological and economic problems, since microbiological preparations are harmless to the environment and are of great commercial potential. The commercial potential of microbiological control consists in the wide application of the preparations.

Project participants are high-qualified specialists in plant protection and agricultural biotechnology and they have a profound knowledge of microbiology, entomology, plant protection and biotechnology.


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