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Kyrgyz Center for Infectious Diseases

#KR-1154.2


Information-Analytical Center of Extremely Dangerous Infection in Kyrgyz Republic. Stage I – Creation of Database of Laboratory System and Estimation of the Control Condition for Zoonotic Extremely Dangerous Diseases of Human and Animal in the Kyrgyz Repu

Tech Area / Field

  • MED-DIS/Disease Surveillance/Medicine
  • BIO-SFS/Biosafety and BioSecurity/Biotechnology

Status
3 Approved without Funding

Registration date
03.08.2006

Leading Institute
Republican Center of Quarantine and Especially Dangerous Infections, Kyrgyzstan, Bishkek

Supporting institutes

  • National Academy of Sciences of Kyrgyzstan / Biotechnology Institution, Kyrgyzstan, Bishkek\nKyrgyz Research Institute of Livestock, Veterinary and Pastures, Kyrgyzstan, Bishkek

Collaborators

  • Texas Technical University, USA, TX, Lubbock

Project summary

The objective of the proposed project is the creation of a National Disease Surveillance Database for the Kyrgyz Republic. There will be three primary components of this database:
  1. data from legacy collections of infectious agents;
  2. data for disease surveillance; and
  3. scientists and their expertise and infrastructure for research sites, buildings, and equipment.

The ultimate goal is to provide decision makers with vital information that is easily accessible so that decisions can be made quickly to serve the best interest of the people and the Kyrgyz republic. Furthermore the database will be compatible and potentially interactive with the disease surveillance databases and software that are being developed for other countries in Asia. Lastly, the Kyrgyz disease surveillance database will be linked into the worldwide health networks.

Geographically Kyrgyzstan is located in the center of Central Asia and has common borders with Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan, and China. After becoming an independent country the Republic of Kyrgyzstan expanded its political-economic communications with neighboring countries. Through the territory of Kyrgyzstan passes the historical trade and transport routes of the Great Silk Way, connecting Asian countries Europe.

Because of the transparence of Kyrgyzstan’s borders with neighboring countries, there is unregulated migration of people and livestock and a generally poor level of sanitary conditions that creates a real threat of drift of infectious diseases dangerous to human beings.

Widely developed regional economic ties exacerbate the problem of lack of regulations on domestic animals and movements of wildlife and animal products that contribute to the threat of introduction of extremely dangerous and exotic diseases into Kyrgyzstan.

The rural Kyrgyzstan landscape and livestock rearing practices brings domestic herds into contact with natural disease foci and wildlife reservoirs of disease, including such dangerous pathogens as anthrax, brucellosis, and canicola fever. The nature of the landscape can result in infection of domestic animals and wildlife resulting in a dispersion of diseased animals to other territories within the Kyrgyz republic and adjacent countries. Additionally, local sanitary conditions and practices, uneven availability of rural health care, accessibility and quality of diagnostic capabilities, availability of pesticides to control vectors, the availability of vaccines for human beings and animals, level of education concerning disease and food-handling all contribute to the problem of infectious disease. This complex combination of natural disease foci, livestock and human practices, agriculture, and uncontrolled movements of diseased animals and disease vectors creates a situation where a database and surveillance of outbreaks in animals and human beings is essential to Kyrgyzstan’s development and health of the population.

Beyond the foregoing natural dangerous circumstances, there also is the problem of terrorism and deliberate human application of infectious agents as weapons. In this environment there is potential for access to biological agents regardless of international conventions. In Kyrgyzstan there are legacy collections of infectious agents that were accumulated during previous, Soviet, times. Some are in State-owned laboratories and others are in the hands of private institutions. All such collections create the potential for acts of aggression, terrorism, or accidents that could result in dangerous agents being introduced into the countryside or transported elsewhere. An inventory of the collections and information about their history, locations, storage, and security status are essential to prevent or respond to accidents or intentional terrorist acts. Because the legacy collections are scattered and because information about security and content is incomplete, the collections pose an artificial epidemiological danger in the Republic. An understanding of the laboratories in Kyrgyzstan, the status of the legacy collections, the distribution of scientists with expertise all are critical to response to disease outbreaks in the Republic.

Given all of the foregoing circumstances, the need for an accurate, easily accessible interactive database of resources, expertise, and factual information for disease surveillance and response is obvious. As envisioned, the proposed project will become the cornerstone for linking Kyrgyzstan to neighboring countries and international programs and will be a significant asset to the Ministry of Health, to education, and to development of disease surveillance as part of nonproliferation, stability, and threat reduction.

The Project is in complete accordance with the ISTC purposes and tasks and will allow:

  • To grant an opportunity for scientists working with the weapon and experts of the Kyrgyz Republic to focus their activity toward a peaceful purposes;
  • To support applied researches and development of technologies with the purposes for maintenance of biological safety;
  • To establish a database necessary to develop programs and activities that integrate research efforts to be more effective at disease surveillance, healths issues and achieve the goals of each institute.
  • To develop a database necessary for knowledge based decisions of national and international problems that address epidemiological well-being and biological threads with appropriate actions.


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The International Science and Technology Center (ISTC) is an intergovernmental organization connecting scientists from Kazakhstan, Armenia, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, and Georgia with their peers and research organizations in the EU, Japan, Republic of Korea, Norway and the United States.

 

ISTC facilitates international science projects and assists the global scientific and business community to source and engage with CIS and Georgian institutes that develop or possess an excellence of scientific know-how.

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