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Environment under Baikonur Cosmodrome Influence

#K-451.2


System Analysis of Environment Objects of Territories of Kazakhstan, Negatively Affected by the Activity of the "Baikonur" Cosmodrome

Tech Area / Field

  • ENV-MRA/Modelling and Risk Assessment/Environment

Status
8 Project completed

Registration date
21.12.2001

Completion date
17.07.2007

Senior Project Manager
Osipov E A

Leading Institute
Kazakh National University / Center of Physical and Chemical Methods of Analysis, Kazakstan, Almaty

Supporting institutes

  • National Nuclear Center of the Republic of Kazakstan / Institute of Nuclear Physics, Kazakstan, Almaty

Collaborators

  • University of Plymouth, Department of Environment Science, UK, Devonshire, Plymouth\nAwareness Center, Denmark, Roskilde\nTokyo Institute of Technology / Graduate School of Science and Engineering, Japan, Tokyo\nMyongji University / Semiconductor Technology Center, Korea, Yongin City\nInstituto de Soldadura e Qualidade / Environmental Head Technological Center, Portugal, Oeiras

Project summary

The purpose of the Project is to create a system for analysis of the state of the environment in Kazakhstan territories, negatively influenced by the activity of the space port "Baikonur". Major factors of the negative effect of space equipment launches on the environment are:
• products of fuel combustion during the launch of space systems;
• plume of rocket engines;
• head shock wave originating at low heights with supersonic flight;
• spilling of unconsummated fuel;
• radioactive radiation (nuclear power sources);
• electromagnetic radiation;
• noise and vibrations;
• exhaust of ozone-destroying substances into the atmosphere;
• contamination of the falling regions by the debris of metallic constructions.

The considerable variety of the listed factors has determined that a definite system has yet to be created.

The creation of such a system is topical because it will secure ecological safety for space-rocket activity.


Primarily, the creation of such a system requires the formation of a database, possible owing to the huge multifactor volume of statistical material. A special role within this material is played by the results of physic-chemical and biological diagnostics in the line-up “soil - water - air - plants - animals – humans”, which will enable the following:
• Creation of normative–methodical documentation of evaluation, reduction and indemnification of the harmful effect of the Military-Cosmic Complex activity on the territory of Kazakhstan;
• Generation of a database on the state of nature-economic activity of Kazakhstan territories, affected by Military-Cosmic Complex;
• Creation of systems for constant ecological monitoring of rocket-carrier "Proton" fall regions.

Research laboratories of the Physical and Chemical Methods of Analysis Center, and the Institute of Nuclear Physics have qualified specialists: more than 20 doctors of sciences, professors, and about 50 candidates of sciences. The laboratories are equipped to perform analysis on a contemporary level.


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