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Ecological Modeling System

#0086


Modeling system for investigation of ecological safety problems and ecological monitoring system design.

Tech Area / Field

  • ENV-MIN/Monitoring and Instrumentation/Environment

Status
8 Project completed

Registration date
16.08.1993

Completion date
30.04.1997

Senior Project Manager
Nagai H

Leading Institute
Center for Program Studies, Russia, Moscow

Collaborators

  • Consulting Engineers Salzgitter, Germany, Salzgitter\nNuclear Power Engineering Corporation, Japan, Tokyo\nInstitut für Forstgenetik, Germany, Grossharnsdorf\nDutch Nuclear Corporation (DNC), The Netherlands, Arnhem

Project summary

The purpose of this project is to improve the capability of local authorities and researchers in many regions of Russia to design more effective Regional Environmental Monitoring Systems (REMS). The REMS are used for essessing possible impacts of chemical pollution, including pollution involving radioactive chemicals, from industrial and related sources. The results of the projects will be incorporated within a Modeling Systems (MS) which can be used as an important tool in the design of REMS that are oriented to the day-to-day needs of local authorities.

The MS will be of special interest to designers of REMS which are optimally configured to assist researchers understand the movement of pollutants in the environment and which can help enforcement officials ensure compliance with existing environmental regulations that limit pollutions levels. Also, the improved REMS will provide a starting point for relating levels of pollution to the frequency of diseases and deaths which might be attributable in part to such pollution.

The MS will permit the design of the most effective monitoring approaches at the lowerst costs by reducing the number of monitoring stations which are required (through optimal design schemes) and by providing a tool for exploiting the monitoring data which are collected to the fullest extent possible.

The MS to be developed consists of three basic components:

(1) A PC-based GIS system which by Western standards is relatively simple but is nevertheless highly functional for environmental and ecological problems.

(2) A variety of well known pollution dispersion models (e.g. air transport, water runoff, groundwater flow, soil penetration) which can be adapted to local situations. While these models are well known in many countries and in a few parts of Russia, they have had very limited application in many other regions of Russia.

(3) The software interfaces between the GIS system and the pollution models (the envelope) which permit integrated displays of pollution problems that can be easily understood by policy officials. This concept is in its very beginning stages in Russia.

A heavily industrialized region in the republic of Bashkortostan in the Southern Ural, approximately 200ґ150 kilometers in size, will be a demonstration area for developing the MS and applying this tool to REMS at the regional, municipal, and facility levels. A variety of industrial facilities, particularly petrochemical ones, are located in this area. The area is also characterized by irregular terrain features and by a variety of land uses. If the MS proves successful in Bashkortostan, it should be of considerable interest in other regions of Russia as well, such as the republic of Sakha (Yakutia) where local authorities have already expressed great interest in the approach.

In Bashkortostan, a variety of environmental data will be collected and used in testing the MS. The predicted values of environmental contaminants for selected areas will be compared with measured values in the validation of the systems.

The Project includes the following stages: (1) develop the structure and technology of MS; (2) implement the GIS using cartographic and other spatial information; (3) develop the family of software modules for environmental processes; (4) develop the envelope; (5) exercise the MS in the test region.

Special characteristics of the MS are: (1) incorporation of a hierarchical concept of monitoring, namely facility-municipality-region; (2) real time operation in the REMS computer network; (3) integration of all collected data; (4) user friendly interface; (5) modern mathematical models and monitoring techniques; and (6) use of real data.


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