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Agricultural Products Pollution in Georgia

#G-1667


Assessment of the Agroindustrial Production with Toxic Metals and Determination of their Impact on General Pathological Processes, based on the Scientifically Sound Methods as well as Development of the Methods Aimed at Reducing this Impact on Organism

Tech Area / Field

  • ENV-EHS/Environmental Health and Safety/Environment

Status
3 Approved without Funding

Registration date
22.08.2008

Leading Institute
Georgian Technical University, Georgia, Tbilisi

Collaborators

  • Interenvironment Ltd., Canada, ON, Toronto\nOstWestTransfer e.K., Germany, Regis-Breitingen\nIowa State University of Science and Technology / Department of Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering, USA, IA, Ames

Project summary

The pollution of agroindustrial production with toxic metals constitutes a global problem, and this problem is especially acute for high-mountainous countries, which are characterized with significant amount of pollution with toxic metals. That in addition to scarce agricultural lands and vicinity of industrial enterprises poses a threat of pollution to those agricultural productions that are provided both to the local population and urban market.

This problem is quite acute for Georgia–a country that is characterized both with landscape and natural ecological persity.

Most of the industrial enterprises (mining, processing and chemical) are located in the districts where agricultural goods are produced and, naturally, mainly these entities pollute the environment. In addition to that, pollution of soil with toxic metals is caused by natural processes as well. The latter can be demonstrated by the measurements taken in the reservoirs of solid pumps in Georgia, brought by surface waters and air currents from surrounding mountain ranges. It has been found out that those pumps contain a certain amount of ferrous and non-ferrous, rare and noble metals, including mercury, arsenic, antimony, lead, zink, copper, molybdenum, bismuth, selenium, tellurium, tungsten, etc., sources of which are rocks, entrails/bosom and mineral occurrence being washed out. According to geological-survey data, the above metals are found out in flood-lands and terraced sediment of rivers, where agricultural products are cultivated on alluvial grounds and where pastures are located.

The goal of this Project is to produce high-quality assessments of the soil and agroindustrial products pollution with toxic metals ( Zn, Cd, Pb, Cu, As и Mn), to determine/identify sources and ways of pollution migration with surface and ground waters as well as air currents, and to study the connection between the morbidity of the population (and that of livestock / poultry) and the pollution of agricultural products.

Surveys/research will be carried out in four districts of Georgia; these districts are characterized with developed agriculture and industry (particularly mining and concentrating) and they face a maximum threat of pollution. Diversities of the natural resources of these districts and variety of occurring both of natural and man - caused processes that have impact on environment requires that the field, laboratory, technical and experimental works should be carried out for every district separately.

Methodological approach includes application of regional, component and chain principles of research alongside with scientifically sound and widely accepted methods as well as modern technical resources. The results yielded through the field, laboratory and experimental works within the Project framework will allow us to elaborate on practical methods aimed at reducing threat posed to the population’s health. Based on those results, recommendations on introducing the elaborated methods will be made for the local government, health authorities and agro industrial enterprises. And this is the main practical and commercialized result of the Project. The results of the given investigations can be interesting and rather useful for Germany, particularly for Saxon, where agroindustrial enterprises are arranged which have the same problems related to arsenic and toxic metal pollution of the soil.

The stakeholders who will be implementing the Project have all the necessary experience and competence that has been proved by the previous work and the projects - ISTC G- 945.2 and G- 539 -that have been carried out in a very successful way.

The role of international partners is greatly determined by the objectives of collaboration and to what extent their scientific interests are in agreement with the goal and objectives of the present Project. That will foster exchange of ideas / information sharing during elaboration and work process.


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