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Armenian-Georgian Grid for Physics


Development of Armenian-Georgian Grid Infrastructure and Applications in the Fields of High Energy Physics, Astrophysics and Quantum Physics

Tech Area / Field

  • INF-COM/High Performance Computing and Networking/Information and Communications
  • PHY-ANU/Atomic and Nuclear Physics/Physics

8 Project completed

Registration date

Completion date

Senior Project Manager
Tyurin I A

Leading Institute
Information and Automation Problems Institute, Armenia, Yerevan

Supporting institutes

  • Tbilisi State University, Georgia, Tbilisi\nGeorgian Research and Educational Networking Association, Georgia, Tbilisi\nA.I. Alikhanyan National Science Laboratory, Armenia, Yerevan\nIlia Chavchavadze Tbilisi State University, Georgia, Tbilisi\nYerevan State University, Armenia, Yerevan\nByurakan Astrophysical Observatory, Armenia, Byurakan


  • Research Institute for Informatics of Toulouse, France, Toulouse\nCNRS / Laboratoire Aime Cotton, France, Orsay\nSoltan Institute for Nuclear Studies, Poland, Warsaw\nScience and Technology Facilities Council, UK, Didcot\nUniversità di Ferrara / Dipartamento di Fisica, Italy, Ferrara\nUniversität Erlangen-Nürnberg / Physikalisches Institut, Germany, Erlangen\nGreek Research & Technology Network S.A., Greece, Athens

Project summary

Grid infrastructuresare one of the key enablers for scientific research and for development of Information Society. Enabling large-scale innovative research to be conducted through collaboration of distributed teams of scientist across the Armenian-Georgian research and educational organizations and Western partners. It is fact that computational Grids consists of various computational layers. The computational resources can be integrated within the organization-institution, country, region, and worldwide.

In order to ensure that the South-Caucasus region would not stay behind in this important area, an appropriate regional Grid infrastructure has to be deployed on basis of Armcluster, which would be accessible, at the same quality level, for all scientists and researchers independently of the physical locations of their institutes. In the long run, the ultimate goal is that any information-technology-related resource or service can be accessible for the South Caucasus region researchers via the Internet, in the same way as the World Wide Web is available for everybody today.

In the past few years, a number of projects have been executed ameliorating the state of eInfrastructures in the region. In 2004 the first high Performance computing cluster in the South Caucasus region had been developed (funded by ISTC Project A-823), which consisted of 128 Xeon 3.06GHz (64 nodes) processors. The nodes of the cluster are interconnected by Myrinet High bandwidth and Gigabit networks. The cluster achieved 523.4GFlops performance by HPL (High Performance Linpack) test. In 2005 a experimental scientific Grid infrastructure was deployed between the Institute for Informatics and Automation Problems of NAS RA, Yerevan State University and State Engineering University of Armenia (State Target Program N 04.10.31 funded by Armenian Government). Currently within the ISTC Project A1451 it is planned to extend this infrastructure by involving other computational resources and upgrading existence computational resources, as well as within the SEE-Grid (South East European Grid) Project (funded by European Commission via its RTD programmes) it is planned to create South Caucasus Resource Operating Center and join the available computation resources to South East European computational resources. Armenian and Georgian partners also involve in the Black Sea Interconnection project which foresees connection of South Caucasus countries to the research network GEANT.

From the other hand potential Grid users and main research and scientific organizations in Armenia and Georgia are actively participating in large international collaborations: H1, HERMES at DESY (Germany); at TJLab and SLAC (USA), ANKE at COSY-Jülich (Germany), as well as in several experiments - ATLAS, ALICE, CMS at LHC CERN(Switzerland).

This Project will involve a number of strategic multi-disciplinary regional scientific communities / virtual organizations in various fields of physics (high energy, astrophysics, quantum physics) and thus further stimulate the use and expansion of the existing infrastructure and its services, and capitalize on the existing infrastructure human network to further strengthen scientific collaboration and cooperation among participating communities. The project will provide the next-generation Grid infrastructure for the South Caucasus region. The primary objective in this context is to expand the current infrastructure, in order to serve the existing and new user communities. The final objective of the project is to further strengthen and widen the regional and national-level human network. The objective is to reach out to as wide as possible range of user communities in Armenia and Georgia, via strong dissemination and training campaign.

The importance of such an infrastructure is dictated by the following factors: (a) large number of the international scientific programs related to EGEE Grid, require powerful computer means; and (b) researches and technological developments exist in the region for which fast data processing and visualization represent an integral part of investigations. Particularly it is planned also to realize the following tasks within this project:

  • High Energy Physics
    • The calculation of NNLL QCD corrections for B → Xsγ decay
    • Monte Carlo production for the HERMES
    • Determination of the spin structure of nucleon-nucleon interaction
    • Spin-filtering experiment
  • Astrophysics
    • Development of Armenian-Georgian Virtual Observatory
  • Quantum Physics
    • High performance computer modeling of quantum optical devices and microstructured Nonlinear Materials
The Project relates to the category of research, development and demonstration of technology.

The expected results of the Project will include:

  • A Grid infrastructure for high energy physics, astrophysics and quantum physics.
  • Resource Operating Centre for South Caucasus region on the base of NAS RA, Yerphi and TSU computing resources, which can provide resources to other interested institutions/inpiduals, as well as it will be centralized structure for coordinating Grid and parallel computing activities in the South Caucasus region.
  • A system of intellectual software packages to support the advance in the field of high energy physics and other related fields

  • Implementation of the proposed Project, in our view, would provide the following:
  • Alternative work of the specialists from the Institute for Informatics and Automation Problems, Yerevan Physics Institute, Byurakan Astrophysical Observatory, Georgian Research and Educational Networking Association, Georgian E.Kharadze National Astrophysical Observatory and High Energy Physics and Informatization Department of Tbilisi State University, earlier engaged in defense R&D activity.
  • Establishment of cooperation between those organizations earlier financed by the military-industrial complex (but practically non-interacting), which gives an opportunity for their personnel to interact in civil researches for market economy
  • Solve the task not only significant for science and technology in general, but particularly important for South Caucasus region

Foreign collaborators have actively joined the Project and will interact with its participants in the following areas:
  • appear on the technical advisory committee sessions for each area of the Project, contributing and guiding the Project implementation, as well as participate in regular meetings;
  • exchange information during the Project implementation;
  • provide peer review of the Project results;
  • participate in the semi-annual Project review meetings;
  • give comments on the Technical Progress Reports submitted to the ISTC;
  • organize joint symposiums and seminars;
  • provide assistance through leveraging funds from the related projects funded by other agencies;
  • accept the Project participants at western universities and laboratories;
  • disseminate the valuable results of the Project and identify other sources of support.