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Gases Generation from Missile Fuel

#1268


Working out of the Technology of Commercial Gas-Generators Synthesized from Residual Toxical Rocket Fuel

Tech Area / Field

  • CHE-IND/Industrial Chemistry and Chemical Process Engineering/Chemistry

Status
3 Approved without Funding

Registration date
05.05.1998

Leading Institute
Siberian Branch of RAS / Institute of Organic Chemistry, Russia, Irkutsk reg., Irkutsk

Supporting institutes

  • Russian Scientific Center of Applied Chemistry, Russia, St Petersburg\nInstitute of Industrial Medicine and Human Ecology, Russia, Irkutsk reg., Angarsk

Collaborators

  • Moltech Corporation, USA, AZ, Tucson\nUniversity of Florida / Department of Chemistry / Florida Center for Heterocyclic Compouns, USA, FL, Gainesville\nBrigham Young University, USA, UT, Provo\nFlanagan Research Company, USA, CA, Stanford

Project summary

Rapid development of automobile transportation gives new problems to chemists. In particular, development of new "air-bags". As a material generating the gas for filling such bags NaNs is widely used nowadays. However, this compound is highly toxic, moreover it easily penetrates the organism when contacted with skin. This fact stimulates searching for replacing NaN3 with other less toxic substances. Similar problems appear with working out systems of emergency evacuation from planes.

In Russia and the countries of FSU large amounts of 1,1-dimethylhydrazine are collected. This compound is one of the components of rocket fuel. It is a highly toxic substance and its influence on biological objects is similar to military poisons. In connection with the reduction in the number of missiles, and after a certain lapse of time 1,1-dimethylhydrazine should be utilized or annihilated. This problem has not yet been solved.

During work on ISTC project No. 427 we have obtained almost non-toxic compounds (III, IV dangerous class) on the base of 1,1-dimethylhydrazine. This allowed us to forecast the synthesis of low-toxic gas generators.

This project is dedicated to the development of the base technological processes of obtaining new substances from 1,1-dimethylhydrazine - a raw material for gas generators in "air-bags" and in systems of emergency evacuation from planes.

As a result of the project the following results will be obtained:


1. New methods of synthesis of before unknown compounds, which are potential gas-generators for “air-bags”, and systems of emergency evacuation from planes will be developed. These compounds will be synthesized from 1,1-dimethylhydrazine - a highly toxic rocket fuel component.
2. Ways of synthesis of before hard accessible or up to now unknown polynitro- or nitroazidoazoles will be found.
3. New methods of obtaining of new chlorine containing azoles on the base of 1,1-dimethylhydrazine will be developed. These chloroazoles will be used as synthones for potential gas-generators for "air-bags.
4. Toxicological and physico-chemical characteristics of the synthesized compounds will be determined. They will form a ground-work for the primary farmacological screening, since many medicines contain the structure fragments similar to those studied in the frame of the project.
5. Methods of synthesis of compounds with useful properties will be optimized.

The project proposed would further the development of fundamental and applied investigations into peaceful purposes, especially in the field of environment protection and utilization of highly toxic components of rocket fuel.

The realization of this project will allow re-orienting a part of scientific and technical stuff, specializing in making rocket-fuel, gun powders, and explosives to peaceful production, and this will assist in transition to market-based economies.

Funding of the project will assist fundamental and applied investigations, and technical researches into peaceful uses of dangerous chemicals.

To the participation in the project foreign research-institutes, private firms, separate experts from the USA, EU, Japan, the South Korea, and Norvey are invited.


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