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Information-computing complex based on a high-performance cluster

#KR-920


Creation of information-computing complex based on a high-performance cluster to solve scientific and applied problems with a large volume of calculations

Tech Area / Field

  • INF-COM/High Performance Computing and Networking/Information and Communications

Status
8 Project completed

Registration date
03.09.2002

Completion date
03.02.2010

Senior Project Manager
Rudneva V Ya

Leading Institute
Kyrgyz-Russian Slavonic University, Kyrgyzstan, Bishkek

Collaborators

  • University of Potsdam / Institute fur Geowissenschaften, Germany, Potsdam\nTechnische Universität Dresden / Institut fur Kartographie, Germany, Dresden

Project summary

Topicality of the Project

Fundamental and applied researches, performed by Kyrgyz weapon scientists under existing conversion programs, have a strategic importance for the Kyrgyz Republic. New knowledge and technologies, emerging during this research, enhance the competitive edge of Kyrgyzstan on the world market, enable it to use natural resources more rationally, provide public safety and regulate interaction between humans and the environment.

ISTC regional projects have the most significant effect on the development of these fields. Owing to these projects, scientists from Kyrgyzstan possess world-class theoretical and practical potential in such fields as seismology and geophysics, power engineering and the creation of new materials, ecology and environmental protection.

Along with it, there is a factor that hinders the Republic’s ability to achieve a qualitatively new level of applied and technological development in the key fields. Its essence lies in the fact that fundamental and applied research in these fields falls under the category of particularly complicated scientific tasks and it requires, as a rule, an extremely large volume of computation. Only powerful supercomputers can handle such volumes but the Kyrgyz Republic has no such kind of equipment at its disposal.

The availability of a high-performance computing centre would make it possible for Kyrgyz scientists and specialists to solve the most complicated tasks in science, economics, long-term forecasts and disaster prevention. At the period of transition to the market economy this is vitally important for Kyrgyzstan and it is a decisive factor, defining the topicality of this project.

Main aims and tasks

The ultimate aim of this project is the organisation of a high-performance information-computing centre as a key element in the general system of fundamental and applied research within ISTC regional programs in the Kyrgyz Republic. The main fields of activity for the centre will be as follows:

- Provision of high-performance computing resources to ISTC projects executors, including remote access capability.

- Rendering to ISTC projects executors scientific and technical services in organization and realization of numerical experiments, computer modelling and data processing, using parallel computing technologies.

- Provision of ISTC projects with various kinds of information resources (creation, accumulation and maintenance of databases, organization and allocation of WEB-data repositories, WWW-servers, etc.).

- Creation of digital manuals and training programs, elaboration of reference books and methodical recommendations on practical use of parallel computation in different fields of knowledge.

- Elaboration of applied software for ISTC projects, including tasks, which involve large and super-large sizes of computation.

- Rendering to ISTC projects executors services on conversion of previously created algorithms and software into parallel computation technologies.

The research will consider issues of the construction of distributed computing systems with open architecture and the elaboration of applied high-performance software in the parallel computing environment.

For successful achievement of the set aims, the project envisages the solution of the following major tasks:

- Fulfilment of an entire cycle of technical engineering works to assemble, debug and put the high-performance cluster into operation and support its continuous work.

- Creation of a cluster-based computing centre for corporate use in ISTC projects.

- Development of a general-purpose software for the data processing, numerical experiments, computer modelling and results visualising in various tasks of seismology, geophysics, material authority, cartography and ecology.

- Elaboration of a geoinformational system to create and keep digital maps of remote areas of Tien-Shan.

Elaboration of the geoinformational system is considered as the pilot task for the high-performance computing centre. It is expected that during realization of this problem the necessary practical experience will be accumulated and the technology of applied software elaboration for user’s application (with class “Grand Challenges”) will be adjusted.

Within this task, along with development of software, it is planed to create large-scale geological maps of Khan-Tengri mountain massif and to store them in the digital archive. This digital archive will present a specialised database, enabling navigation, search and visualisation of necessary regions to access via the Internet.

Simultaneous fulfillment of lithostratigraphic and tectonic researches is necessary and obligatory condition of the process of the digital geological mapping. Such researches will assume a use of technology for decoding and processing high-resolution satellite photos, as well as of methods of satellite geodesy and digital field journals with use of mobile GIS. Application of modern technologies will lead to the accumulation of large volumes of geological data, which will be used as original material for various kinds of geologic and tectonic modeling.

Links to other projects

The project realisation assumes the maximum use of the IT-potential, created within ISTC projects #KR-246 and #CSP-10:

- Satellite and communication equipment.

- Wireless and optical communication channels.

- Local network of ISTC projects participants.

The employment of the high-performance computing centre in major computing experiments, complex system modelling and processing of large amount of experimental data will enable the raise in quality and effectiveness of regional projects. The use of the centre will be the most effective in the following ISTC projects, which are currently implemented or submitted for approval:

- Modelling of the of earthquakes epicentres (projects # KR-776, # KR-837).

- Forecast of seismic hazard (projects # KR-776, # KR-837).

- Monitoring of radioactive pollution of rivers (project #KR-850).

- Research of Tien-Shan climatic fluctuations (project # KR-334).

- Modelling of the ionospheric eddy currents (project # KR-214).

- Investigation of the stability dynamics of pit walls (project # KR-566).

- Modelling of phase transition of carbon (project # KR-864).

- Investigation of the energy-intensive materials (project # KR-899).

The actual list of tasks that require large volumes of computations also includes research, carried out under ISTC projects in biology, medicine, soil science, automated technologies and education. The creation of the corporate information-computing centre will not only increase the practical and scientific effectiveness of existing projects but will also enable elaboration of new projects in the following main fields:

- Developing a regional model of atmospheric dynamics for Kyrgyzstan.

- Monitoring the landslide hazard in Kyrgyzstan.

- Modelling and predicting the infection danger in Kyrgyzstan.

All of the above directions include tasks, which pose high requirements to computing resources. Obtaining practical results in the form of reliable and informative forecasts, charts, recommendations and calculations with the use of standard PCs is incredibly complicated or completely impossible.

Expected results

The realisation of the project aims and tasks will enable scientists and weapon specialists of Kyrgyzstan to realize their creative potential and reorient their skills to peaceful purposes.

The creation of the high-performance computing centre will facilitate Kyrgyzstan’s integration in the global information community, directed on the development and distribution of the results of scientific research in the fields of computer modelling methods, algorithms, software and data exchange.

Availability of the regional centre will lead to the creation of the advanced technologies and solving for the optimum of various questions in all branches of the national economy that is important for Kyrgyzstan during its transition to the market economy.

The main output of the project will be as follows:

- The information-computing system based on a high-performance cluster for corporate use under ISTC regional programs.

- Methodical and normative documentation, software and hardware resources that will regulate and provide functioning of the centre in the remote access regime.

- Reference books, practical recommendations and digital manuals on the use of parallel computation in various fields.

- Specialised databases, web data depositories, archives of general-purpose and problem-oriented software for carrying out parallel computation.

- General software for high-performance applications within the following fields: seismology, geophysics, material authority, cartography and ecology.

- The geoinformational system for digital geological cartography of difficult accessed regions of Kyrgyzstan and set of large-scale geological maps of Khan-Tengri mountain massif.

- The digital archive of geological maps with opportunities for access through the Internet.

Khan-Tengri mountain massif is the remotest and the least studied region of Tien-Shan. The creation of the digital geological maps of this massif will provide scientists of Kyrgyzstan and the whole world with the necessary basis to carry out further researches.

It is planned that in the process of the digital geological maps producing, along with lithostratigraphic and tectonic researches, the following questions will be solved:

- So far as this region is involved into the Caledonian and Hercinian tectonic activity;

- How these two main paleozoic orogenic belts are reflected in the structure of the researched mountain massif;

- What the genesis of the virgation of Tien-Shan ranges that occurs west of Khan-Tengri massif is;

- If the Tien-Shan’s neotectonic activation is the result of Himalayan collision or it is the autonomic innerplate tectonic process.


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