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Biometric System to Control Access to Nuclear Facilities


Development and Investigation of Biometric System Aimed to Control Access to Nuclear Facilities and Provide Personnel Identification and Radiation Exposure Survey

Tech Area / Field

  • INS-DET/Detection Devices/Instrumentation
  • MED-OTH/Other/Medicine
  • MED-RAD/Radiomedicine/Medicine
  • ENV-MIN/Monitoring and Instrumentation/Environment
  • INF-SIG/Sensors and Signal Processing/Information and Communications
  • INF-SOF/Software/Information and Communications

3 Approved without Funding

Registration date

Leading Institute
Central Research Institute "Electron", Russia, St Petersburg

Supporting institutes

  • Vavilov State Optical Institute (GOI) / Research and Technological Institute of Optical Materials, Russia, St Petersburg\nState Unitary Enterprise NPP "Electron", Russia, St Petersburg

Project summary

The main purpose of the project is to solve a problem of total safety of nuclear facilities including access control, personnel radiation safety monitoring and health care. Since terroristic threat has increased in recent time, the task of nuclear facilities security and radiation survey is now recognized a task of universal importance. Results of investigations done under this Project can be used to develop biometric systems comprising universal biometrical identity determination that would combine functions of identification document (ID), access control, and a detector, e.g. personal dosimeter, as well as information read-out device.

Nowadays access control at nuclear facilities is carried out using non-biometric means and systems. Thus, necessary level of safety and secrecy cannot be assured. On the other hand, radiation safety monitoring is performed at such facilities by personnel dosimeters, that are not in fact connected with access control systems. Due to this, it is possible that areas of increased radiation background are attended by personnel without dosimeters.

Expected result of the Project implementation it development of universal biometrical ID that would also be used as facility access permit, personnel dosimeter and universal device providing biometrical and radiometric information read-out from said ID.

The following scientific, technical and practical tasks should be solved toward this end:

- user's identity biometrical attribute (fingerprint, for example) and personal dosimeter need to be manufactured and placed onto standard plastic card complying with ISO 7110 and CR 80;

- radiation resistance of biometrical information medium shall be provided within required range of radiation effects;

- reliability and mechanical strength of plastic card shall be provided, said card containing non-biometrical information, biometrical identity attributes of a user and personnel radiation survey means;

- comparative analysis of manufacturing compatibility and investigation of information parameters shall be done for personnel dosimetry methods listed below:

* radiophotoluminescent devices;
* radiochromatic devices;
* semiconductor chip dosimeters;

- reliable biometric identification system shall be developed, manufactured and tested;

- possibility of further development of created biometric system and biometric document should be investigated to provide for their conversion into biometrical ID (biometrical and ecological passport) which would store parson's basic inpidual information throughout person's life.

Technique and system to be developed in the frameworks of this Project could be implemented for the purpose of protection, safety and monitoring not only at nuclear facilities, but, as well, in any other conditions where any human hazardous exposure could be expected, as such system enables external events monitoring through adaptive implementation of standard sensor techniques and user biometrical identification. In this Project it is expected to use scientific and technical skills, achievements and unique experience developed in “CRI "Electron" and other institutions in field of sensor technology, radiometry, radiophotoluminescence, photo-detectors and TV-detectors for military detection and guidance systems. Skills listed above will be used to develop systems that would enable more efficient protection of specific facilities, namely, nuclear facilities.

High-skilled personnel, scientists, engineers and workers, as well as control systems production technology and its upgrade available in participating institutions will, at no doubt, aid in successful solution of outlined tasks. Such conversion process will be useful for effective involvement of weapon specialists into implementation of international technical problems.

The problem put by is not only of scientific nature, but is also a practical problem which envisages development, construction and testing of pilot model in CERN (Switzerland). The problem is expected to be solved by personnel of the institutions listed below:

- “CRI "Electron" will develop radiation information optical read-out technique and photoelectric multiplier for read-out system.

- SUE “SPE "Electron" will develop and manufacture access control system (which will perform biometrical parameters monitoring), investigate compatibility of radiometry and biometric technology, develop, investigate and manufacture semiconductor dosimetry devices, develop and manufacture biometric IDs.

Significance of the Project from the point of view of usage of scientific and technical potential of scientists, engineers and skilled workers having wide experience in design and implementation of military-purpose devices, is that dozens of specialists will be involved during two years in solving problems being of vital interest for all world community.