All-Russian Research Institute of Automatics
All-Russian Research Institute of Automatics (RRIA)
22, Sushchevskaya St., Moscow, Russian Federation,127055
- 0040 - Nuclear Materials Accounting
- 0056 - Airport Neutron X-ray Generator
- 0165 - Gamma-diffraction for Quartz Crystals
- 0211 - Transportable Neutron Defectoscope
- 0254 - Microelectronic Elements
- 0323 - Tritium Targets for Neutron Tubes
- 0329 - Generator of Superstrong EM-Fields
- 0348 - Radioactive and Fissionable Materials Detection
- 0380 - Cardiographic Diagnostics
- 0527 - Seals Nondestructive Inspection
- 0528 - X-ray TV Monitor
- 0596 - Identification of Fissionable Materials
- 0607 - Improved Control System for NPP
- 0618 - Dose Load Reduction
- 0782 - Non-Destructive Control of Toxic Chemicals
- 0899 - Dense Plasma Focus
- 0989 - Control of Nuclear Materials
- 1027 - Apparatus for Explosives' Detection
- 1075 - Test Lab for ICs against Radiation
- 1312 - Microelectronic Basis for Pattern Recognition Systems
- 1356 - Model for Nuclear Materials Control and Accounting
- 1388 - Metal Tritides
- 1644 - Nuclear Materials Identification
- 1649 - Indistructive Portable Control Equipment
- 1954 - Fissile Materials Identification Device
- 1973 - Catastrophes Prediction Complex
- 2543 - Portable Device for Detection of Hidden Objects
- 2621 - Portable Electroencephalograph in New Diagnostic Method
- 2623 - Electro-topography for Cardiovascular Diagnostics
- 2852 - Gamma-Neutron Detector
- 2978 - Digital Technology for Fissile Materials Detection
- 3094 - Control of subcriticality of neutron multiplying systems
- 3437 - Pulse Generator for Cancer Treatment
- 3656 - Neutron Technology for Mine Identification
- 3741 - Radiographic Inspection of Heavy Metals Containers
- 3820 - Marketing of Data Acquisition Modular Blocks
- 3906 - Beryllium Samples under Tritium Irradiation
- 3957 - Counteraction against Illicit Trafficking of Nuclear Materials
- Nuclear Safety and Safeguarding / Fission Reactors
- Detection Devices / Instrumentation
- Measuring Instruments / Instrumentation
- Nuclear Instrumentation / Fission Reactors
- Microelectronics and Optoelectronics / Information and Communications
- Materials Synthesis and Processing / Materials
- Other / Physics
- Sensors and Signal Processing / Information and Communications
- Reactor Concept / Fission Reactors
- Radiomedicine / Medicine
- Diagnostics & Devices / Medicine
- Monitoring and Instrumentation / Environment
- Other / Instrumentation
- Other / Information and Communications
- Software / Information and Communications
- Plasma Physics / Physics
- Atomic and Nuclear Physics / Physics
- Radiofrequency Waves / Physics
- Biosafety and BioSecurity / Biotechnology
- Bioinformatics / Biotechnology
- Water Pollution and Control / Environment
- Experiments / Fission Reactors
- Other / Fission Reactors
- Particles, Fields and Accelerator Physics / Physics
- Radiobiology / Biotechnology
- High-Definition Imaging and Displays / Information and Communications
- Destruction and Conversion / Chemistry
- Environmental Health and Safety / Environment
- Inertial Confinement Systems / Fusion
- Magnetic Confinement Systems / Fusion
- High Performance Metals and Alloys / Materials
- Composites / Materials
- Solid State Physics / Physics
- Safety and Security / Chemistry
- Dangerous Materials Transportation / Environment
- Control and Accounting / Fission Reactors
- Year 2000 Problem / Information and Communications
The All-Russia Research Institute of Automatics was founded in 1954 as a subsidiary of the first Russian Federal Nuclear Center - VNIIEF (Arzamas-16). The first director of the Institute was the prominent designer and scientist, thrice Hero of the Socialist Labor, the Correspondent-Member of the USSR Academy of Sciences, the Lieutenant-General of Corps of Engineers Nikolai L. Dukhov. Under his directorship the Institute quickly became one of the leading facility of Minsredmash (now the Ministry of Atomic Energy of the Russian Federation). Nickolai Dukhov ensured thorough development of the manufactured products, careful development of drawings and design documentation, intensive finding the best designs to be further used as standards. In 1964 the Institute was named after N. L Dukhov. From 1964 till 1987 the Institute was headed by the Hero of the Socialist Labor, the Lieutenant-General Nickolai Pavlov. Under Nickolai Pavlov the Institute rapidly expanded its production and technical facilities to include laboratories and production facilities where the modern equipment was installed, many high skilled specialists were trained. The Institute became the leading facility involved in the development and manufacturing of specific products applied for the defense needs and a lot of unique products were developed. At the same time thorough design as well as high quality and reliability of products were further improved and fixed as the Institute's standards which met the requirements of the Quality Assurance System valid since 1978.
The organizational structure of the Institute includes:
– Research and design departments;
– A pilot factory and manufacturing and engineering departments;
– Support and service departments.
The Institute has modern research, production, engineering and testing equipment, which enables it to manufacture and research the products under development.
Due to the high quality of the products designed and developed by the Institute almost all of them were quickly put into production and adopted in the Armed Forces. The Institute was rewarded for its contribution to strengthening the country defense potential with the October Revolution and the Labor Red Banner awards.
At present the Institute employs a total of about 4000 persons, over 100 of whom have the Ph.D. degrees.
In the early 90s using its rich experience in designing equipment for the defense needs the Institute developed several types products for civilian applications as a part of the military conversion process.
The main principles of the Institute strategy are as follows:
– To give the priority to the technologies and products for both civilian and defense applications, for the development of which the Institute has know-how, trained specialists as well as the manufacturing and research facilities;
– To ensure the complete "life cycle" of the developed products - research, designing, production, marketing, sales and maintenance;
– To ensure thorough design as well as high quality and reliability of the products for the non-military sector developed and produced by the Institute;
– To ensure continuous balanced development of the Institute infrastructure and provide modern equipment to all design, engineering, testing, production, financial, marketing, operating and support departments;
Portable neutron generators: The Institute is the only organization in Russia that has the full-scale research and technical facilities and technology to produce portable neutron generators for a variety of applications. The developed neutron generators provide pulse neutron radiation with a wide range of flux, frequencies and pulse width.
VNIIA also has the necessary technology to produce the main components of the neutron generators: vacuum and gas-filled neutron tubes, switching components, high voltage transformers and capacitors.
The Institute develops and produces neutron generator driven equipment for such applications as:
– Gas and oil well-logging;
– Neutron radiation analysis of elements;
– Research of the physics of nuclear reactors and critical assemblies;
– Detection and monitoring of nuclear material content;
– Detection of explosives.
The neutron generators have unique specifications:
– Weight from 0.5 to 10 kg;
– Neutron yield up to 1011 n/s;
– Pulse duration from 0.01 microseconds up to constant flux.
VNIIA supplies its neutron generators to the USA, the UK, Germany, China, the CIS countries as well as to the domestic customers.
X-ray Generators: NIIA focuses it efforts on the development of portable X-ray systems. This equipment is featured by:
– Small dimensions and weight;
– Electrical safety;
– Capability of operating in a wide range of external temperatures, humidity and mechanical environment.
The X-ray systems have the following characteristics: weight - from 2.5kg to 15kg; energy of quanta - from 50keV to 300keV; anode power - from 50W up to 800W.
The X-ray systems are developed and supplied for such applications as:
– Industrial non-destructive assay;
– Medical equipment (in particular, dental X-ray devices);
– Inspection of luggage at the Customs check-points.
Transducers for measuring liquid and gas pressure: A broad spectrum of fluid and gas pressure transducers intended for use at facilities of the gas, oil, metallurgical and other industries have been developed and now are being produced in the Institute. The transducers developed in the Institute allow for monitoring the following parameters:
– Absolute pressure,
– Residual pressure,
– Differential pressure,
– Liquid and gas flows, etc.
These transducers are explosionproof and ensure accurate and stable measuring of a wide range of pressure; they are user friendly and function in a wide range of temperature, humidity and mechanical environments.
Digital Distributed Control Systems for I&C: Since 1996 the digital distributed control systems for the instrumentation and control systems (I&C) have been introduced to production in the Institute under license from the Siemens company. At present these systems are manufactured using the Russian documentation based on the RF standards.
The systems are continuously upgraded and improved by the Institute. The developed and produced equipment is supported by the Quality Assurance System certified for compliance with the ISO 9000 requirements.
These systems based on module principle allow one to:
– Monitor and measure analog and discrete signals;
– Convert and process information obtained according to the specified algorithms;
– Output information on displays;
– Form the required actions on the controlled facilities.
The modules incorporated in these systems are made on the basis of highly productive microprocessors with the use of the element surface mounting technique. This provides for compact design and, correspondingly, sharply reduces dimensions of the I&C for complex facilities The I&C built on such digital distributed control systems possess a high speed of operation even in case of using 10-20 thousand of measuring and controlling channels. The digital distributed control systems allow to construct highly-reliable redundant structures and provide steady self-control of devices incorporated in them and also are intended for the I&C of complex facilities such as nuclear and conventional power plants, metallurgical and chemical facilities.
At present the digital distributed control systems incorporated in the I&C are in operation at a number of power plants abroad, namely: Suizhun (China), Kostalats (Yugoslavia), Zmiev (Ukraine), Ghorazal (Bangladesh) and also in Russia - Berezovskaya thermal power plant, Krasnoyarsk thermal power plant 1, Ivanovo thermal power plant, and others.
The digital distributed control systems produced by us will be incorporated in all domestic NPPs being under construction, in particular in Kalinin NPP Unit3.
VNIIA jointly with its partners designs complex I&C for various industrial facilities and delivers these systems on a "turn-key" basis.
Equipment for the nuclear material physical protection, control and accounting systems: The Institute is MINATOM leading facility involved in designing and production of a number of instruments for the Russian fissile materials protection, control and accounting system. Among these instruments and systems are radiation monitors with enhanced sensitivity to plutonium and uranium and also neutron and gamma ray analysis equipment for detection and identification of isotopic content and mass of fissile materials.
Multi-Channel Electroencephalographs and Electrocardiographs: Several types of medical equipment are being developed and produced by the Institute.
The core of the multi-channel measurement and diagnostic systems is a standard set of hardware and software tools used for the medical research in the following areas:
This equipment features a wireless communication channel between the measuring equipment placed on a patient's body and the data acquisition and processing equipment placed at a distance from the patient. This reduces the size and weight of the equipment, makes examination more comfortable and ensures patient safety by removing him/her from the equipment power source. The above medical systems are used in a number of hospitals in our country.